Pimple scars known as acne is caused by different types of acne. Each type of acne produces different scarring. The pores with hair follicles become clogged with excessive oil and/or dead skin cells that are sloughed off naturally. Once the follicle is plugged up, bacteria begin to grow, causing the pus-filled pimples. |
Mild acne is just a few blackheads or whiteheads that everyone gets from time to time. Moderate acne will present with pimples that are red and inflamed. Severe acne is hard to control and produces nodules, which are pus-filled cysts under the skin.
For teens that have the more severe form of acne should visit a dermatologist who will diagnose the type of acne (pimples) and treat it accordingly. Over drying the skin by the use of products sold over the counter should be used with caution, as this will also cause pimples. There must be a correct balance in removing excess oil from the face or other areas of the body while moisturizing it enough to prevent dry skin.
There are many skin treatments available to the patient, depending on the amount of scarring and the type of scars present. Treatment for mild acne can be treated with benzoyl peroxide or salicylic acid to help clear the acne.
Moderate to moderately severe acne should be treated by a specialist at a skin clinic. The dermatologist will often do a combination treatment plan that can include extraction of an acne lesion and/or light therapy. Prescription medications are often used for this stage of acne too and include antibiotics, topical retinoid and topical antimicrobials.
Beginning treatment early for acne can reduce scar formation. The scars for acne may be raised thickened tissue or as a depression, such as pock marks. Treating severe acne requires an aggressive treatment plan since this form of acne is quite disfiguring.
Larger cysts causing inflammation and extensive damage to the skin often respond better with drainage and extraction of the cyst instead of prescription medications. Severely inflamed cysts are injected with Interlesional Corticosteroid injections, which melts the cyst over three to five days.
The most effective drug treatment is with Isotretinoin. Acne that does not respond to other oral medications or if the doctor is treating severe cystic acne, Isotretinoin is the best drug to use. Because there are serious side effects to this drug, it is used as a last resort.
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