In a world where almost everything is now online, for those who want to bring their business(es) or website(s) to the general public in order to take advantage of the behemoth more commonly known as the Internet, it is necessary for you to know about the web hosting services and the essentials for hosting a site. Before we go into much detail, let's discuss the basics. |
What is a server? A server is system that responds to requests across a computer network to provide a network service. Your website needs to be stored at a place called sever, i.e publishing it to enable others to view your site. So in short, a server is a place where one stores websites for open access to others. It is not necessary for one to opt for a server renting company, one can easily set-up a server at home. For instance, a computer can provide several services and have several servers running at a time. A server is deployed on a host and it serves only it's clients.
What is a host? A network host is a computer connected to a computer network. The job of a network host is to provide information, resources, and services to the connected nodes. A host can run both server and client programs, serves multiple users, and provides specific services to the clients.
What is a web server? It is a computer, that stores the content of your site, and delivers the site to it's clients upon request. These computers are not among the ordinary ones, these are ones that have high end configurations. If you choose to let a web hosting company to host your website, consider renting out disk space more than you think you may require.
What is web hosting? An Internet server, that let's you make your website available to the public is a type of web hosting. To do this one must purchase a web server from a web hosting company. When you buy some space on a web server and store your web pages there, your website becomes hosted and can be seen by anyone.
There are different types of web server hosting, for different business needs. The hosting services can be divided depending upon the quantity of server resources that your website is allocated with, or how many user accounts the server hosts. The following are the types:
Shared web server hosting When one refers to 'web hosting', they usually refer to 'shared web server hosting'. The reason is simple, shared web server hosting is the most common and popular hosting technique there is. As the name suggests, the space on a server is shared by multiple websites. This technique is useful for a static website or a website that may need cost effective options. Anyone from bloggers, website designers, e-commerce stores and small businesses can take advantage of feature-rich services provided by shared web server hosting. Dedicated server hosting As the name suggests, this server is dedicated for your website completely. This technique has key advantages over shared web hosting. The bandwidth is completely utilized for your website, so are the host resources. Moreover, in shared web server hosting it may happen that due to heavier traffic on other website that shares the same web space in the server may affect your website's performance. Dedicated server hosting handles traffic avoiding any downtimes or crashes due to such reasons.
Virtual server It can be thought of as a software that divides a physical server into several servers, each separated from the other. Meaning it is a shared web hosting service, as well as a dedicated server hosting. It's simple, it's very much like partitioning a hard drive into several disk volumes and installing different operating systems on each volume. This enables the clients to look at it as a dedicated server although, it is very well a shared web server. Some of the most commonly used virtualization softwares are VMware, user-mode Linux. As it has the best of both shared and dedicated server, this is overpowered by both the shared and dedicated server hosting.
Cloud server hosting This is quickly becoming the trend nowadays. The theory behind cloud computing is, several servers interconnected to each other are used for hosting. This is vastly different from all the other hosting services, as it uses multiple servers for the hosting. Because it uses multiple servers, it is more reliable, no single point of failure. Using cloud allows proper load balancing and features increasing or decreasing server resources. It is also highly secure giving it a benefit of the doubt. It is also cost effective as companies provide pay per use facility, unless you use way too many resources or space, it is the best choice there is today.
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