The National Commission on Human Rights (Komnas HAM) has put additional pressure on the government to instantly approve the Framework Convention on Tobacco Control (FCTC). They told that basic human right is to be free of tobacco smoke. |
During his speech at the National Seminar on Tobacco Control on November 13, Komnas HAM commissioner Roichatul Aswidah said that tobacco smoke was a serious threat to human rights because it caused a great number of smoking-related diseases in the entire world.
Komnas HAM considers that the government has to provide a healthy environment for its citizens by adopting the treaty to protect the people from health threats caused by tobacco smoke.
The treaty was adopted in 2003 by the 56th World Health Assembly. Major its goal is to promote public health by controlling tobacco use, protecting people from tobacco smoke, enforcing bans on tobacco ads as well as increasing taxes on tobacco products.
Indonesia is the only country in Asia and, together with Somalia, one of the only two Muslim-majority countries that have not adopted the treaty, due to strong opposition from tobacco industry. Roichatul said that ministries have different opinions on the subject making it harder to discuss the ratification with members of the House of Representatives.
Data from the Demography Institute of the University of Indonesia demonstrates that cigarette use in Indonesia increased from 251 billion cigarettes in 2009 to 302 billion in 2012.
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