It is a fact, historically speaking, that many type of bouquets or fresh flowers were not able to be shipped great distances due to the short life span of the merchandise. These items, being perishable, have to be purchased and sold locally. Most sales at that time were done only on a local basis, enabling consumers of the time to buy locally without compromising beauty and freshness. Most floral deliveries then were limited strictly to Europe and the United States. |
But in 1960, things for florists changed drastically and for the better. Scientists from the University of Colorado completed research in regard to the preservation of flowers during transport. During this period of research, scientists discovered that the most ideal species of flowers existed in Bogota, Colombia due to ideal climate. This was a primary discovery.
Preservation, preparation and packaging is a very meticulous, professional skill, involving many elements which maintain the freshness and beauty of the flowers. It can actually take as long as a week from the point of beginning shipping, until finally reaching the customer. How are these imported or exported flowers kept so fresh and beautiful? Here are some answers to the questions you may have.
The first and main concern in the transporting of these plants is keeping the cut flowers in the proper temperature during the shipping process. Cooler temperatures are vitally necessary in order to maintain freshness. The required temperature must be maintained throughout transport in order for freshness to retain optimal.
Keep in mind that with such variety in the flower market, some types are simply not suitable for import/exporting. They do not have a long lifespan or vase life naturally, and are not ideal for shipping. Some flowers may have a quarantine status in the area to receive the shipment, or there may be other area regulations which do not allow import of particular varieties.
Certain types of wraps and/or other packaging may be better for handling and maintaining flower health and appearance, as well as water levels being maintained through small water suppliers or even foam which is water soaked, keeping the arrangements fresh, and hydrated. Dry ice can also be used to maintain cool temperatures in combination with these other resources.
The use of jet planes for transport became useful for the transportation of floral freight. With the factor of jet speed delivery being added to this industry, flowers need to maintain their freshness for a much shorter period of time, when combined with the packaging and handling during transport.
These changes in the horticultural development being done in Bogota, coupled with the air-freight cargo industry, methods of maintaining quality and freshness in floral import/export simply provide an ideal opportunity for industry improvement, and thus, the business of fresh cut flower and bouquet long distance transport and delivery was born.
With improved techniques, transporting fresh cut flowers from overseas began to really find its niche in the early 1980's. Other varieties are now transportable. With the consistency of care between destinations, most varieties are able to be safely shipped in more than satisfactory condition. Supply and demand from overseas companies has improved due to growth and great progress made in this industry.
In conclusion, through the changes made in horticultural science, and due to changes in cargo transportation during the era spoken of prior, flowers have been developed and grown to remain fresh and beautiful for longer periods of time, and being engineered to last a bit longer, combined with the benefit of air cargo transport, the long distance flower delivery service is simply booming.
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