Amazines Free Article Archive
www.amazines.com - Saturday, October 16, 2021
Read about the most recent changes and happenings at Amazines.com
Log into your account or register as a new author. Start submitting your articles right now!
Search our database for articles.
Subscribe to receive articles emailed straight to your email account. You may choose multiple categories.
View our newest articles submitted by our authors.
View our most top rated articles rated by our visitors.
* Please note that this is NOT the ARTICLE manager
Add a new EZINE, or manage your EZINE submission.
Add fresh, free web content to your site such as newest articles, web tools, and quotes with a single piece of code!
Home What's New? Submit/Manage Articles Latest Posts Top Rated Article Search
Google
Subscriptions Manage Ezines
CATEGORIES
 Article Archive
 Advertising (133488)
 Advice (161521)
 Affiliate Programs (34775)
 Art and Culture (73791)
 Automotive (145661)
 Blogs (75348)
 Boating (9850)
 Books (17220)
 Buddhism (4129)
 Business (1329644)
 Business News (426400)
 Business Opportunities (366405)
 Camping (10968)
 Career (72761)
 Christianity (15842)
 Collecting (11638)
 Communication (115070)
 Computers (241901)
 Construction (38917)
 Consumer (49931)
 Cooking (17075)
 Copywriting (6719)
 Crafts (18203)
 Cuisine (7543)
 Current Affairs (20304)
 Dating (45897)
 EBooks (19699)
 E-Commerce (48240)
 Education (185349)
 Electronics (83504)
 Email (6428)
 Entertainment (159836)
 Environment (28918)
 Ezine (3039)
 Ezine Publishing (5453)
 Ezine Sites (1550)
 Family & Parenting (110920)
 Fashion & Cosmetics (196512)
 Female Entrepreneurs (11847)
 Feng Shui (131)
 Finance & Investment (310481)
 Fitness (106409)
 Food & Beverages (62959)
 Free Web Resources (7939)
 Gambling (30224)
 Gardening (25191)
 Government (10510)
 Health (629746)
 Hinduism (2206)
 Hobbies (44056)
 Home Business (91589)
 Home Improvement (251081)
 Home Repair (46199)
 Humor (4715)
 Import - Export (5454)
 Insurance (45100)
 Interior Design (29588)
 International Property (3487)
 Internet (190995)
 Internet Marketing (146624)
 Investment (22848)
 Islam (1161)
 Judaism (1352)
 Law (80445)
 Link Popularity (4595)
 Manufacturing (20889)
 Marketing (99217)
 MLM (14139)
 Motivation (18221)
 Music (26991)
 New to the Internet (9496)
 Non-Profit Organizations (4048)
 Online Shopping (129700)
 Organizing (7809)
 Party Ideas (11852)
 Pets (38067)
 Poetry (2229)
 Press Release (12687)
 Public Speaking (5639)
 Publishing (7559)
 Quotes (2407)
 Real Estate (126561)
 Recreation & Leisure (95423)
 Relationships (87642)
 Research (16180)
 Sales (80343)
 Science & Technology (110272)
 Search Engines (23491)
 Self Improvement (153246)
 Seniors (6215)
 Sexuality (35990)
 Small Business (49277)
 Software (83015)
 Spiritual (23460)
 Sports (116122)
 Tax (7659)
 Telecommuting (34069)
 Travel & Tourism (308042)
 UK Property Investment (3121)
 Video Games (13382)
 Web Traffic (11750)
 Website Design (56852)
 Website Promotion (36606)
 World News (1000+)
 Writing (35822)
Author Spotlight
DONNIE LEWIS

I'm an avid consumer of a smoothie a day living, herbs, vitamins and daily dose of exercise. I'm 60...more
OLEG KOBETS

Oleg has been providing SEO, Copywriting and Content Management services for 10+ years. For the last...more
ELLISEN WANG

I'm Ellisen, nice to meet you! Obviously you're here because you want to know who I am. Wel...more
DERIK PARLEY

I’m Derik Parley 34yrs old from Australia. I am enthusiastic about taking up new challenges in life....more
ALFRED MEARS

Former English Teacher; Musician (20+ years); Freelance Writer ...more


How Are Windshields Made? by Smith Lara





Article Author Biography
How Are Windshields Made? by
Article Posted: 05/27/2018
Article Views: 501
Articles Written: 2232
Word Count: 459
Article Votes: 0
AddThis Social Bookmark Button

How Are Windshields Made?


 
Automotive
Windshields are crucial for car safety. They keep the driver and passengers of an automobile safe from natural elements like wind and snow as well as flying debris. Moreover, they also play a vital role in preventing injuries if a car accident occurs. Windshields have been around since the 1900s and in the past were made of tempered glass. While it was hard and extremely shatter-resistant, the tempered glass was replaced by laminated glass which is currently being used in windshields. The reason for this primarily is that laminated Car Glass Repair is far safer than tempered glass. So, how are windshields made and what raw materials are used in the making of laminated glass? Let’s find out.

Raw Materials Used

Different oxides are used as raw materials for making laminated glass. These oxides include Calcium Oxide, Sodium Oxide and Silica. Limestone, Soda Ash and Sand are used for extracting these raw materials. Each oxide has a particular role to play in the formation of the glass. While Silica is the main ingredient for glass-making, Calcium Oxide helps in making the glass chemically durable and improves its hardness. The Sodium Oxide plays the role of the flux and is added simply to lower the melting point of the mix. There are several other oxides added to the mix for different purposes which include Aluminium Oxide, Magnesium Oxide and Potassium Oxide.

Glass Formation Process

The glass formation process starts with the heating of the mixture of the oxides and water in a chamber. Once the glass achieves a molten state, it is fed to a float chamber which is made up of molten tin. Here, the glass floats on the surface of the tin and achieves a flat surface and is rid of any impurities. Moreover, the glass is hardened in this float chamber as well before being fed to a furnace which cools it down and allows it to completely harden and take its shape. The hardened glass is then cut into the desired dimensions using a diamond scribe. It is then fed to a mould which gives it the curved shape. The glass is again heated to a molten state in order for it to take the shape of the mould. After shaping, the glass is tempered by heating it to a high temperature and then rapidly cooling it down using cold air blasts.

In order to make laminated glass, two sheets of tempered glass are fused together with a sheet of Poly-Vinyl Butyral in between them. This process is conducted in an autoclave which not only uses heat but pressure as well to bind the three sheets together into a single unit. After lamination, the windshield is ready to be assembled onto the car frame.

Related Articles - Car Glass Repair, Glasses Scratch Repair,

Email this Article to a Friend!

Receive Articles like this one direct to your email box!
Subscribe for free today!

 Rate This Article  
Completely useless, should be removed from directory.
Minimal useful information.
Decent and informative.
Great article, very informative and helpful.
A 'Must Read'.

 

Do you Agree or Disagree? Have a Comment? POST IT!

 Reader Opinions 
Submit your comments and they will be posted here.
Make this comment or to the Author only:
Name:
Email:
*Your email will NOT be posted. This is for administrative purposes only.
Comments: *Your Comments WILL be posted to the AUTHOR ONLY if you select PRIVATE and to this PUBLIC PAGE if you select PUBLIC, so write accordingly.
 
Please enter the code in the image:



 Author Login 
LOGIN
Register for Author Account

 

Advertiser Login

 

ADVERTISE HERE NOW!
   Limited Time $60 Offer!
   90  Days-1.5 Million Views  

 

Great Paranormal Romance


ADRIAN JOELE

I have been involved in nutrition and weight management for over 12 years and I like to share my kn...more
RYAN P JONES

Ryan Jones owns and operates this website, Amazines.com. Having worked in the computer industry sin...more
TIM FAY

I am not a writer nor am I trying to become a writer. I am an average person with average intelligen...more
STEPHEN BYE

Steve Bye is currently a fiction writer, who published his first novel, ‘Looking Forward Through The...more
LAURA JEEVES

At LeadGenerators, we specialise in content-led Online Marketing Strategies for our clients in the t...more
STEVERT MCKENZIE

Stevert Mckenzie, Travel Enthusiast. ...more
ALLAN MEREDITH

Skin Muk is the best vegan skin care in Australia because our products are primarily produced from n...more
AKSHAY CHOPRA

Akshay Chopra is an experienced certified personal trainer and the founder of WERSTUID. An organizat...more
STEVE BURGESS

Steve Burgess is a freelance technology writer, a practicing computer forensics specialist as the pr...more
HELEN STEPHENS

I love to research products and write reviews only high-quality useful products. ...more

HomeLinksAbout UsContact UsTerms of UsePrivacy PolicyFAQResources
Copyright © 2021, All rights reserved.
Some pages may contain portions of text relating to certain topics obtained from wikipedia.org under the GNU FDL license