Amazines Free Article Archive - Friday, September 22, 2023
Read about the most recent changes and happenings at
Log into your account or register as a new author. Start submitting your articles right now!
Search our database for articles.
Subscribe to receive articles emailed straight to your email account. You may choose multiple categories.
View our newest articles submitted by our authors.
View our most top rated articles rated by our visitors.
* Please note that this is NOT the ARTICLE manager
Add a new EZINE, or manage your EZINE submission.
Add fresh, free web content to your site such as newest articles, web tools, and quotes with a single piece of code!
Home What's New? Submit/Manage Articles Latest Posts Top Rated Article Search
Subscriptions Manage Ezines
 Article Archive
 Advertising (133564)
 Advice (161668)
 Affiliate Programs (34799)
 Art and Culture (73853)
 Automotive (145708)
 Blogs (75610)
 Boating (9851)
 Books (17223)
 Buddhism (4130)
 Business (1330527)
 Business News (426444)
 Business Opportunities (366517)
 Camping (10973)
 Career (72797)
 Christianity (15848)
 Collecting (11638)
 Communication (115088)
 Computers (241949)
 Construction (38960)
 Consumer (49953)
 Cooking (17081)
 Copywriting (6733)
 Crafts (18203)
 Cuisine (7549)
 Current Affairs (20316)
 Dating (45908)
 EBooks (19703)
 E-Commerce (48258)
 Education (185514)
 Electronics (83521)
 Email (6438)
 Entertainment (159848)
 Environment (28949)
 Ezine (3040)
 Ezine Publishing (5453)
 Ezine Sites (1551)
 Family & Parenting (111007)
 Fashion & Cosmetics (196597)
 Female Entrepreneurs (11853)
 Feng Shui (134)
 Finance & Investment (310616)
 Fitness (106469)
 Food & Beverages (63042)
 Free Web Resources (7941)
 Gambling (30227)
 Gardening (25202)
 Government (10517)
 Health (630112)
 Hinduism (2206)
 Hobbies (44083)
 Home Business (91611)
 Home Improvement (251209)
 Home Repair (46241)
 Humor (4721)
 Import - Export (5458)
 Insurance (45104)
 Interior Design (29617)
 International Property (3488)
 Internet (191027)
 Internet Marketing (146687)
 Investment (22861)
 Islam (1161)
 Judaism (1352)
 Law (80504)
 Link Popularity (4596)
 Manufacturing (20911)
 Marketing (99312)
 MLM (14140)
 Motivation (18233)
 Music (26999)
 New to the Internet (9496)
 Non-Profit Organizations (4048)
 Online Shopping (129734)
 Organizing (7813)
 Party Ideas (11855)
 Pets (38167)
 Poetry (2229)
 Press Release (12689)
 Public Speaking (5641)
 Publishing (7565)
 Quotes (2407)
 Real Estate (126644)
 Recreation & Leisure (95491)
 Relationships (87674)
 Research (16182)
 Sales (80348)
 Science & Technology (110285)
 Search Engines (23514)
 Self Improvement (153298)
 Seniors (6220)
 Sexuality (36010)
 Small Business (49310)
 Software (83031)
 Spiritual (23512)
 Sports (116154)
 Tax (7663)
 Telecommuting (34071)
 Travel & Tourism (308272)
 UK Property Investment (3123)
 Video Games (13382)
 Web Traffic (11790)
 Website Design (56918)
 Website Promotion (36662)
 World News (1000+)
 Writing (35844)
Author Spotlight

I am in Nepalest tourism industery working since 2000 as a trekking porter to the senior tour leader...more

Suman Aryal is a skilled tour and trekking operator with expertise in organizing and writing itinera...more

I am an essay writer with vast experience in data analysis, PowerPoint writing and research paper ed...more

I'm a full-time Writer, dreamer and chief executive manager. I write to release my true stories in t...more

Pushpa Srivastava is an SEO strategist that helps online business owners figure out how to grow thei...more

Hydroponic pump systems by Innes Donaldson

Hydroponic pump systems by
Article Posted: 05/12/2021
Article Views: 244
Articles Written: 1735
Word Count: 987
Article Votes: 0
AddThis Social Bookmark Button

Hydroponic pump systems

Hydroponics is a way of cultivating plants, by providing nutrients they need to grow in water. Although no soil is used, a medium may be used for the roots to soak and provide constant water supply. Such mediums lead us to think about hydroponics systems, which are discussed below.

Basically there are 6 types of hydroponics systems, including wick, water culture, ebb & flow (also known as flood & drain), drip, nutrient film technique (NFT), and aeroponic. Although there are many variations on these 6 systems, all hydroponics methods are a combination these 6.

The Wick System

By far the simplest type of system, the wick system is a passive hydroponics system, meaning that there are no moving parts in it. The nutrient solution is gets drawn into the growing medium from a reservoir with a wick.

The wick system is able to use several plant growing mediums such as Perlite, Vermiculite, Pro-Mix, and Coconut Fiber- all of these being the most popular.

There is a disadvantage associated with the wick system, which is that the plants are large or the nutrient solution may use up a lot of water, much quicker than the wick system can supply it.

Water Culture

Of all active hydroponics systems, the water culture is the simplest one. A Styrofoam system is the platform that holds the plant and floats directly on the nutrient solution. Air is supplied to the air stone by an air pump, and bubbles are thus caused to the nutrient solution, providing oxygen to the roots of the plant.

The water culture hydroponics system is ideal for cultivating leaf lettuce, given the fact that these grow rather fast through this system. However, few other plans grow well with the water culture hydroponics system.

Additionally, the water culture hydroponics system is very popular with teachers, for a very inexpensive system can be made out of an old aquarium or water tight containers.

The biggest disadvantage of the water culture hydroponics system is that it does not suit large or long term plants.

Ebb & Flow System

The Ebb and Flow hydroponics system temporarily floods the plant grow tray with nutrient solution and then drains the solution back into the reservoir. A submerged pump is usually connected to a timer in this system. The timer pumps the nutrient solution onto the grow tray. The nutrient solution flows back into the reservoir when the time is turned off. It is set to be activated several times a day, depending on the size and type of plant, temperature, humidity and the kind of plant growing medium that is used.

The Ebb & Flow hydroponics system can be used with several plant growing mediums. The grow tray can be filled with gravel or granular Rockwool, or grow rocks. If individual pots are filled with the plant growing medium, it is easier to move the plants around or even in and out of the system.

The disadvantage associated with the Ebb & Flow system is that some plant growing mediums such as grow rocks and gravel may be susceptible to power outages as well as pump and time failures. Consequently, the plant roots can dry out quickly when the watering cycles are interrupted. This issue can be addressed somewhat though through using growing media that store more water, such as can be relieved somewhat by using growing media that retains more water, such as Rockwool, vermiculite and coconut fiber.

Drip Systems - Recovery / Non-Recovery

The most widely used type of hydroponics systems in the world are the drip systems. They are easier to operate, and a timer controls a submerged pump. When the timer activates the pump, the nutrient solution drips onto the base of each plant by a small drip line.

There are two types of drip systems, Recovery Drip and Non- Recovery Drip System. In the Recovery Drip system, the left over nutrient solution is accumulated back into the reservoir for re-use, whereas in the Non-Recover Drip system, the excess nutrient solution is not collected back into the reservoir. In the recovery drip system, therefore, the timer is inexpensive and efficient since it does not require an accurate control of the watering cycle. On the other hand, the non-recovery drip system requires a precise timer in order that the watering cycles can be adjusted for the plants to get a sufficient amount of nutrient solution and there is less wastage of the solution. This also means, then, that less maintenance is required of the non-recovery system, whereas the recovery system can have large shifts in the nutrient strength levels routinely need checking and adjusting.

Nutrient Film Technique (N.F.T)

The most known of hydroponics systems is the Nutrient Film Technique (N.F.T) system. N.F.T. systems entail a continual supply of nutrient solution and the submersible pump requires no timer. The nutrient solution pumped into the growing tray, flows over the roots of the plants, and then collects back into the reservoir.

In the Nutrient Film Technique, there is generally no growing medium needed other than air. This proves to be an inexpensive system, therefore, since there is no need of replacing the growing medium. The plant is usually supported in a small plastic basket, and the roots dangle into the nutrient solution.

The N.F.T hydroponics systems is rather vulnerable to power outages and pump failures, and interruption to the flow of the nutrient solution causes the roots to dry out.


Perhaps the most technical of hydroponic pump systems, the aeroponics systems mainly uses air to function. The roots hang in the air and receive moisture from the nutrient solution. The moistening occurs every few minutes, but because the roots hang in the air (like in the N.F.T. system), they dry out if the moistening cycles are disrupted. In the Aeroponic hydroponics systems, the controlling timer runs the pump for a few seconds every couple of minutes.

Related Articles - pump, pumps, uk,

Email this Article to a Friend!

Receive Articles like this one direct to your email box!
Subscribe for free today!

 Rate This Article  
Completely useless, should be removed from directory.
Minimal useful information.
Decent and informative.
Great article, very informative and helpful.
A 'Must Read'.


Do you Agree or Disagree? Have a Comment? POST IT!

 Reader Opinions 
Submit your comments and they will be posted here.
Make this comment or to the Author only:
*Your email will NOT be posted. This is for administrative purposes only.
Comments: *Your Comments WILL be posted to the AUTHOR ONLY if you select PRIVATE and to this PUBLIC PAGE if you select PUBLIC, so write accordingly.
Please enter the code in the image:

 Author Login 
Register for Author Account


Advertiser Login


   Limited Time $60 Offer!
   90  Days-1.5 Million Views  


Great Paranormal Romance


After 60-plus years of living, I am just trying to pass down some of the information that I have lea...more

Stevert Mckenzie, Travel Enthusiast. ...more

At LeadGenerators, we specialise in content-led Online Marketing Strategies for our clients in the t...more

Steve Bye is currently a fiction writer, who published his first novel, ‘Looking Forward Through the...more

I am the editor of QUAY Magazine, a B2B publication based in the South West of the UK. I am also the...more

Author of four books and two screenplays; frequent magazine contributor. I have four other books "in...more

James is a Research Enthusiast that focuses on the understanding of how things work and can be impro...more

I have been involved in nutrition and weight management for over 12 years and I like to share my kn...more

Ryan Jones owns and operates this website, Having worked in the computer industry sin...more

A postgraduate in Fashion Technology. Shalini is a writer at heart! Writing for her is an expression...more

HomeLinksAbout UsContact UsTerms of UsePrivacy PolicyFAQResources
Copyright © 2023, All rights reserved.
Some pages may contain portions of text relating to certain topics obtained from under the GNU FDL license