The dictionary definition of knowledge is organized body of information or the Comprehension and understanding, consequent on having acquired an organized body of facts'. In common usage of the word, we say 'knowledge of French is desirable for the post' which means that a person having reasonable acquaintance with French is eligible for the position. A book of knowledge is the title of a book which contains data and information about selected topics for group discussion which would be useful to students appearing for competitive examinations. Similarly, we often refer to a library as a storehouse of knowledge, meaning thereby, that a library stores documents which contain information and knowledge. Therefore, in common parlance, we use information and knowledge more or less synonymously, without making any distinction between them. But, we must understand the usage of these words a little more precisely in our professional studies.
Data are sets of facts or observations and they are turned into useful information after sorting, compressing and organizing them into a meaningful guide to form a basis for further study and research. Patterns of such information are then built into a coherent body of knowledge. Knowledge, hence, consists of an organized body of information.
All intellectual activities consciously pursued and systematically completed generate useful information in Delhi IAS Coaching. Research (also Research and Development) is such an activity. Research organisations in science, technology, social sciences and humanities have been established specifically for this purpose. Research is a creative work contributing to the growth of knowledge for the benefit of man and society. It is a highly organized activity throughout the world which continuously creates a large mass of new information. There has been a dramatic increase of both researches institutions and researchers in all branches of knowledge. More 'and more funds are now allocated for conducting research. The progress of a nation is often judged by the percentage of national income that is spent on R&D. The output of research constitutes a major part of information handled by the library and information centres. Since the industrial revolution in the late 18th century, there has been a large-scale growth in this organized body of information and to this is continuously added the output of current research activities. This phenomenon is characterized' by the term "information explosion".
Research activities are not restricted to research institutions alone. Academic institutions - colleges and universities also undertake research and consider it as one of their major tasks, besides imparting formal education.
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