Electrochlorination is the treatment of water. It is a way to keep sea life such as mussels and barnacles from growing on intake pipes for seawater treatment plants. It is relatively safe because there are no dangerous liquid or gaseous chlorine released into the water or air. Although care must be taken in the process to vent the resultant hydrogen gas so it won’t explode. Electrolysis is the process of sending an electrical current into salt water which changes the chemicals in the water into another chemical. Seawater or water with salt added, called brine, contains chlorine ions. The electrical current sets up a reaction with the ions and produces sodium hypochlorite. This chemical is what prevents the accumulation of sea life. |
This process is used by engineering services around the world for safety. It is used to keep the pipes clear around water generated power plants and nuclear power plants. Electrochlorination has helped to keep the world healthy. This process kills the germs in water that are responsible for diphtheria and cholera among a few. It even helps to keep swimming pools safe from germs that cause ear infections.
As the demand for water has increased, the uses of electrochlorination have come to the forefront of providing clean, healthy water. By using this method, water treatment plants are keeping the environment safe by not using harmful chemicals. It also keeps the workers safe from inhaling or being burned by harmful chemicals such as chlorine.
Other uses for this type of treatment for water are to help keep ballast water in ships free from germs and algae. The water needs to be treated, or, when the ballast is emptied then germs, algae, and sea life will be introduced into a different eco-system and harm it. It is also used to treat the water used in liquid gas transport. The water treatment also is used on oil rigs where huge amounts of water need to be free of algae and sea life.
Engineers are always working on new ways to improve the system. The system has been around for about fifty years. New types of anodes and cathodes that deliver the electrical charges have been made out of newer materials. New electro-chemistry studies are aiding in improving many aspects of the system. They are coming up with improved methods to make the system safer and more available world wide to solve the water problems and safety issues for all
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