Poor sanitation and garbage disposal in flood-hit communities could result in an outbreak of leptospirosis, a health expert has warned. People should take precautions against leptospirosis and wear protective gear if they want to return home after the waters recede. "The waterborne disease can be hazardous to people," he said. Leptospirosis can be transmitted to both humans and animals by direct contact with the urine of infected rodents in contaminated flood water. The disease gets into the body through cuts and wounds as well as the eyes, nose and mouth, Dr Sumet told the Bangkok Post. Symptoms are a high fever, severe headache, muscle pain, chills, redness of the eyes, abdominal pain, jaundice, skin haemorrhages, vomiting, diarrhoea and a rash. Severe cases can be fatal if not treated immediately, he said. |
Leptospirosis is very worrying as the floodwater has hit crowded urban communities in the capital. "So garbage disposal management is needed, for it is the first measure that will help control rodents infected with the bacteria from spreading the disease to people," he said. Dr Sumet said people should carefully protect themselves by wearing rubber boots, gloves and masks when wading through contaminated floodwater and dispose of garbage to help prevent themselves and others from catching the waterborne disease.
Disease Prevention Vocabulary leptospirosis - a bacterial disease spread by contact with water or soil contaminated by the urine or body fluids of infected animals such as dogs, rodents (rats, mice), pigs and cattle; on infection the microorganism can be found in blood for the first 7 to 10 days and then moves to the kidneys after which the microorganism can be found in urine, "complications include meningitis, extreme fatigue, hearing loss, respiratory distress, kidney and liver failure. (See Wikipedia and CDC factsheet and pronunciation) complication - a medical problem that happens as the result of a disease dark-field microscope - a method of using microscopes with the area (field) around the object being viewed (specimen) being dark: "dark field microscopy is a very simple yet effective technique and well suited for uses involving live and unstained biological samples, such as a smear from a tissue culture or individual water-borne single-celled organisms. Considering the simplicity of the setup, the quality of images obtained from this technique is impressive." tissue - a group of cells located in one place in an animal or plant with similar appearance and function (See Wikipedia) kidney tissue urine - a liquid produced by the kidneys during the filtration of blood and removal of waste products and regulation of water content, electrolyte content, blood pressure, etc; testing of the urine is used to detect diseases and drug use (urinalysis) ?????????? (See Wikipedia) body fluids - fluids inside the body of a living person or animal such as blood, lymph, cerebrospinal fluid, sweat, saliva vomit, urine, tears, phlegm, mucus, semen, vaginal secretions, earwax, gastric juice, etc (See Wikipedia) contaminated - made dirty, polluted or poisonous by the addition of a chemical, waste or infection contaminated floodwater disposal - getting rid of something or, in this case, making an explosive safe ???????? garbage disposal dispose - to throw away or get rid of ???? dispose of garbage sanitation - the practice of keeping places clean and healthy (especially by providing a sewage removal and clean drinking water) poor sanitation and garbage disposal in Bangkok's flood-hit communities outbreak - the sudden start of a disease, a war, violence, etc. ?????????????? an outbreak of leptospirosis precautions - things done to protect people or things against possible harm or trouble ????????????????? take precautions - do things to protect against dangerous things gear - the special clothes and equipment that you use for a particular activity protective gear - special clothes and equipment used to protect against dangerous things take precautions against leptospirosis and wear protective gear recede - to move back; to move further away into the distance ??????? return home after the waters recede bear - carried borne - carried by waterborne - carried by water waterborne disease - a disease carried by the water hazardous - can cause harm, dangerous, especially to people's health or safety hazardous to people transmitted - sent, pass from one place to another disease transmitted - a disease passes from one person to other people direct contact - touching someone or something ?????? infected - having a disease transmitted from someone else ???????????? urine of infected rodents - the urine of rats and mice that have the disease leptospirosis can be transmitted to both humans and animals by direct contact with the urine of infected rodents in contaminated flood water. symptom - informal definition: an indication or sign of a disease; something that is wrong with your body that shows that you have a disease (strict medical definition: a departure from normal function or feeling which is noticed by a patient, indicating the presence of disease or abnormality.
A symptom is subjective, observed by the patient, and not measured ?????, ??????????? (See Wikipedia) fever - an abnormally high body temperature ??? high fever severe - very serious and worrying ????????? ?????????????? headache - pain in the head or neck; when it feels like your brain and head hurts ?????????????, ??????????? (See Wikipedia) severe headache chills - when the body shakes (1. when the body shakes because it is cold, shivering; 2. a shaking occurring during a high fever. It occurs because cytokines and prostaglandins are released as part of an immune response and increase the set point for body temperature in the hypothalamus (See Wikipedia) abdominal - involving the front part of your body below your waist ???????? (???????????) abdomen (noun) - stomach, belly; the part of your body below your chest where your stomach and intestines are ????, ???, ????????, ???????? (See Wikipedia) abdominal (adjective) abdominal pain - stomach pain jaundice - a yellowish colouring of the skin and whites of the eyes caused by increased levels of bilirubin in the blood; seen in liver disease such as hepatitis or liver cancer or obstruction of the biliary tractby gallstones or cancer haemorrhage - bleeding, loss of blood (either inside the body or passing out of the body)
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