Bronchiolitis is a lower respiratory tract infectivity that occurs in children younger than two years old. It is mostly caused by respiratory syncytial virus (RSV). This virus attacks the lungs and causes congestion of airways affecting respiration. As a result, a person experiences shortness of breath and gets tired easily. The irritation partly or fully blocks the airways, which causes wheezing (a whistling sound heard as the child breathes out). This means that a smaller amount oxygen enters the lungs, potentially causing a reduce in the blood level of oxygen. One of the most risk factors for getting bronchiolitis is being younger than 6 months old, because the lungs and resistant system aren't yet fully developed. So that children are more prone to this disease because their immune systems are undeveloped to fight the disease. Like Flu or cold virus, RSV is also air-borne. It can be easily transferred from sneezes or talk of sick person or coming in contact with the things used by him. |
Symptoms:- Symptoms are similar to those of flu or common cold. For some days, symptoms are similar to those of common cold. However, the disease progresses into Bronchiolitis later. These symptoms may last for a few weeks’ even months. • Runny and stuffy nose • Cough • Fever • Breathing difficulty • Rapid and shallow breathing • Wheezing • Ear infection (Otitis Media) • Vomiting • Cyanosis- skin, lips and fingernails turning blue • Fatigue • Reluctance to intake fluids
Risk factors:- • Premature birth • Never being breast fed • Weak immune system • Exposure to tobacco smoke • Underlying lung defect • Living in crowded areas
Complications:- • Cyanosis, in the youngest infants, • Breathing apnea • Dehydration. • Respiratory failure and pneumonia
Diagnosis:- Doctor usually identifies the infection by observation and listening to lungs with stethoscope. Other tests might be prescribed to confirm the diagnosis. • Chest X-ray:- to check occurrence of pneumonia • Mucus sample test: - Nose swab to check the presence of RSV. • Blood tests: - To check whether the while blood cell levels have elevated. Increased WBC levels indicate that body is fighting with disease. • Oximeter:-to check level of oxygen in the body.
Treatment:- Sometimes bronchiolitis is cured automatically with rest. In some cases, it can be cured at home with the help of supportive care. Saline doses or bulb suctions can be used to relieve congestion. Nebulized albuterol treatment can be administered to open the airways. In case, the child is diagnosed with pneumonia, antibiotics are administered. If respiratory problems aggravate, tube carrying humidified oxygen is inserted into trachea to facilitate breathing. Prevention:- No vaccine is currently available to treat bronchiolitis. However, palivizumab (Synagis) can help reduce the likelihood of infection. It is injected in some large muscle.
Balfour Morris is a well known content writer with his every article focusing on new and unique topics related to health. The area of expertise of his articles is the accuracy and apt information with reference to normal well being. Also write the article like generic medicines like Abortion pills online, Forzest, Penegra, Zenegra etc.
Related Articles -
Bronchiolitis, respiratory syncytial virus, lungs, wheezing, cough, immune system, pneumonia,