Many people are starting to learn more about reverse mortgages. A reverse mortgage is a loan available to seniors (for the most part), and is used to release the home equity in the property as one lump sum or multiple payments. Typically homes have accrued a lot of equity by this point, so it is smart to get this type of mortgage loan in order to get money. The homeowner's obligation to repay the loan is deferred until the owner dies, the home is sold, or the owner leaves. The reverse mortgage is very similar to a home equity loan, where the borrower has the option of how to receive the money. |
The homeowner adds equity to the house or property each time a payment is made in an original mortgage. The lender is paid back throughout the life of the mortgage. After the mortgage loan is paid off, typically in about 30 years, the property is released from the lender. On the other hand, in a reverse mortgage, the homeowner makes no payments and all of the home loan interest is added to the lien on the property. This means that the homeowner is receiving money while their property is losing equity. If the owner receives monthly payments, then the debt on the property increases each month. Eventually, this will have to be paid back, once the house is no longer that borrower’s.
There is a possibility to get further equity out of a home through a reverse mortgage. If a property has increased in value after a reverse mortgage is taken out, it is possible to acquire a second (or third) reverse mortgage that covers the equity on the home. There are some stipulations, however, that taking out a reverse mortgage must be the only mortgage loan on the property, meaning that someone cannot take out a reverse mortgage until all other existing home loans are paid off.
One of the biggest differences in a reverse mortgage and a home equity loan is that the reverse mortgage does not end until the homeowner dies, sells the house, or moves out of the house for at least a year or more. This seems strange to many people, which makes them weary to get the reverse mortgage loan in the first place. However, the reverse mortgage loan gets paid back by the sale of the house, or refinanced by the heirs of the homeowner's estate. In some cases, the amount of the loan is not as much as the value of the house when it is sold. If the price of the house exceeds the reverse mortgage loan amount, the owner of the house receives the difference. This is if the owner is moving out or selling the house. In the event that the owner has died, the heirs receive the difference of the loan.
There are some cases where the amount of the house is not sufficient to pay off the mortgage loan, in which case the bank makes up the difference. If the borrower has moved, as long as they provides proof to the lender that there is an attempt to sell the home or obtain financing to pay off the outstanding debt, the investor will allow him up to one year to do so. However, there cannot be any more allowance than a year.
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