PACS system is an imaging technology used in medicine to provide not only economic storage but also efficient access to images. The access can be to images from different sources. The transmission is done digitally through the picture archiving and communication systems, thus eliminating the cumbersome need for manual retrieval and transportation of jackets of film. Portable document format-PDF may also be incorporated for use with non-image data and documents that are scanned. |
The use of the imaging technology was first discussed in 1982 in a meeting that featured radiologists. It is not very clear who really came up with the idea, as many people claim to have done so. Among them is Andre Duerinckx, a cardiovascular radiologist. He lays claim to have come up with the term in 1981. One Dr. Judith Prewitt has the same claims too.
The image types handled are diverse. These range from ultrasound and endoscopy to radiotherapy. Additional image formats have to be continuously added, especially with advancement of technology. With the massive decrease in digital storage over time, the technology has become popular. This can further be attributed to the fact that access to data is instant.
Remote access has gone a long way to make the use of PACS even more efficient. The implication of remote use is that different practitioners are able to simultaneously have access to information irrespective of their location. Medical automation systems can also be merged with picture archiving and imaging.
Backup is enabled, and efficiently. This provides cushion against data loss in the event of crashes to system. Copies of images get streamed off-site when they are getting created. The images get encrypted to prevent intrusion. External hard drives may be used as well.
Information may be copied to other computers or machines. To limit the risk of loss, the machines may be as many as desired. The good news is, there are infrastructures that do allow migration of images to new PACS system .
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