A great number of insect species are attracted to light of various wavelength. Although different species respond uniquely to specific portions of the visible and nonvisible spectrum (as perceived by humans), most traps or other devices that rely on light to attract insects use fluorescent bulbs or bulbs that emit ultraviolet wavelengths (black lights). |
Hundreds of species of moths, beetles, flies, and other insects, most of which are not pests, are attracted to artificial light. They may fly to lights throughout the night or only during certain hours. Key pests that are attracted to light include the European corn borer, codling moth, cabbage looper, many cutworms and armyworms, diamondback moth, sod webworm moths, peach twig borer, several leaf roller moths, potato leafhopper, bark beetles, carpet beetles, adults of annual which grubs (Cyclocephala), house fly, stable fly, and several mosquitos.) The mosquitoes Ochlerotatus (formerly Aedes) triseriatus, Ochlerotatu (also formerly Aedes) hendersoni, and Aedes albopictus are not attracted to light, however.) Lights and light traps are used with varying degrees of success in monitoring populations and in mass trapping.
Although numerous companies market devices that use light as a lure for mass trapping or removal trapping, using light to trap out insect infestations is effective in only a few specific situations. One widely used but very ineffective application of light for insect control is the placement of electrocutors or "bug zappers" on lawns or patios. Such uses are ineffective for at least two reasons. First, many insects that are attracted to the area around the light traps (sometimes from considerable distances) do not actually fly into the trap. Instead, they remain nearby, actually increasing the total number of insects in the immediate area. Second, these lighted electrocutors attract and kill a wide variety of insects, the overwhelming majority of which are not pests. The nonpest species killed by such devices include such beneficial insects as the green lacewing, a predator that attacks a variety of plant pests.
Insect electrocutors can be effective in certain indoor situations, especially in food warehouses, processing plants, and restaurants. In these facilities, electrocutors are placed in otherwise dimly lit areas where their light is not visible from outdoors. In such locations the trap does not lure insects into the building, yet it does attract and kill certain flies, moths, and beetles that are pests of stored products or nuisances in food production areas (see Gilbert, 1984). These traps can also be used somewhat effectively in barns and stables to reduce some fly and mosquito infestations. The efficiency of electrocutors in such situations appears to be low, however, and they must be positioned so that they do not attract insects into a building from outdoors.
Although using electrocutor-light traps outdoors is not efficient, the placement of outdoor lights can be important. Positioning outdoor lights away from entrances, windows, or other openings reduces problems associated with insect activity around the lights. Flood lights directed at loading docks, for instance, do not lure insects into food warehouses as so overhead lights mounted just inside the loading dock door. Placing outdoor lights several feet away from doors of homes and apartments also concentrates insect activity away from the sites where they cause the most annoyance. In addition, yellow light bulbs attract fewer insects that white incandescent lights or fluorescent bulbs.
For more helpful information, see links below:
pest control west auckland
Related Articles -
pest control, pest controller, pest controls, insect control, pest controllers, pest control auckland, pest control northshore, insect controls,