Flies are not just a nuisance, they're a major cause of disease, suffering and economic hardship around the world. |
One of the largest management problems facing the poultry producer of today is fly control. The shift from many small farm flocks to fewer large poultry operations has greatly increased fly problems by providing concentrated breeding areas in large volumes of waste that cannot be removed frequently. As urbanization and rural nonfarm residence increase, poultry producers are faced with increasing pressures to reduce fly populations to low levels. Fly populations (manure breeding flies) may cause a public health nuisance, resulting in poor community relations and threats of litigation. A dedicated effort is necessary to achieve an acceptable level of fly control.
All told, they are known to be involved in the transmission of more than 65 diseases to humans alone, including typhoid fever, dysentery, cholera, leprosy and tuberculosisThey are also responsible for significant reductions in the production of farmed meat and dairy products. It's estimated that flies are responsible for global livestock and poultry production losses measured in the billions of dollars.
Modern methods of livestock and poultry farming often provide an ideal breeding environment for flies, making control a major challenge.Poultry farms are associated strongly with high fly density and high infectious morbidity in this area.Monitoring and regulation for poultry manure management practices and insecticide use practices need to be strengthened
Housefly is a major domestic, medical, and veterinary pest that causes irritation, spoils food, and acts as a vector for many pathogenic organisms. During wars, housefly-associated typhoid fever had killed more soldiers than the enemy bullets.(1) Fly control is still an important public health measure in the 21st century.
Fly problem is an important concern internationally wherever poultry farming is an important economic activity. Chemical control methods have shown reduction in fly density and the incidence of fly-associated morbidities in various countries.(2–5) However, the chemical control for a routine long-term use can lead to the development of insecticide resistance. For effective management of the resistant populations, changing insecticides and application of unrelated insecticide, together with appropriate environmental sanitation measures, are necessary to keep the fly population under check.
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