Amazines Free Article Archive
www.amazines.com - Saturday, October 24, 2020
Read about the most recent changes and happenings at Amazines.com
Log into your account or register as a new author. Start submitting your articles right now!
Search our database for articles.
Subscribe to receive articles emailed straight to your email account. You may choose multiple categories.
View our newest articles submitted by our authors.
View our most top rated articles rated by our visitors.
* Please note that this is NOT the ARTICLE manager
Add a new EZINE, or manage your EZINE submission.
Add fresh, free web content to your site such as newest articles, web tools, and quotes with a single piece of code!
Home What's New? Submit/Manage Articles Latest Posts Top Rated Article Search
Google
Subscriptions Manage Ezines
CATEGORIES
 Article Archive
 Advertising (133418)
 Advice (161143)
 Affiliate Programs (34751)
 Art and Culture (73737)
 Automotive (145653)
 Blogs (75199)
 Boating (9843)
 Books (17221)
 Buddhism (4128)
 Business (1328955)
 Business News (426365)
 Business Opportunities (366330)
 Camping (10967)
 Career (72752)
 Christianity (15848)
 Collecting (11638)
 Communication (115068)
 Computers (241945)
 Construction (38923)
 Consumer (49684)
 Cooking (17066)
 Copywriting (6638)
 Crafts (18205)
 Cuisine (7543)
 Current Affairs (20417)
 Dating (45881)
 EBooks (19691)
 E-Commerce (48223)
 Education (185289)
 Electronics (83503)
 Email (6407)
 Entertainment (159838)
 Environment (28929)
 Ezine (3039)
 Ezine Publishing (5450)
 Ezine Sites (1550)
 Family & Parenting (110922)
 Fashion & Cosmetics (196424)
 Female Entrepreneurs (11845)
 Feng Shui (131)
 Finance & Investment (310447)
 Fitness (106330)
 Food & Beverages (62911)
 Free Web Resources (7939)
 Gambling (30221)
 Gardening (25144)
 Government (10530)
 Health (629687)
 Hinduism (2206)
 Hobbies (44054)
 Home Business (91574)
 Home Improvement (251119)
 Home Repair (46168)
 Humor (4834)
 Import - Export (5453)
 Insurance (45105)
 Interior Design (29581)
 International Property (3485)
 Internet (191001)
 Internet Marketing (146452)
 Investment (22837)
 Islam (1167)
 Judaism (1356)
 Law (80474)
 Link Popularity (4595)
 Manufacturing (20853)
 Marketing (98967)
 MLM (14136)
 Motivation (18218)
 Music (27011)
 New to the Internet (9495)
 Non-Profit Organizations (4048)
 Online Shopping (129629)
 Organizing (7803)
 Party Ideas (11852)
 Pets (38068)
 Poetry (2234)
 Press Release (12682)
 Public Speaking (5635)
 Publishing (7526)
 Quotes (2407)
 Real Estate (126635)
 Recreation & Leisure (95387)
 Relationships (87666)
 Research (16165)
 Sales (80334)
 Science & Technology (110255)
 Search Engines (23486)
 Self Improvement (153216)
 Seniors (6235)
 Sexuality (35947)
 Small Business (49293)
 Software (83012)
 Spiritual (23475)
 Sports (116093)
 Tax (7659)
 Telecommuting (34066)
 Travel & Tourism (307831)
 UK Property Investment (3121)
 Video Games (13428)
 Web Traffic (11739)
 Website Design (56837)
 Website Promotion (36586)
 World News (1000+)
 Writing (35788)
Author Spotlight
ROBERT HOWARD

The Word of God is as, “Sweet as Honey”. God has Taken Me Through a Whole Lot of Things...more
ELLISEN WANG

I'm Ellisen, nice to meet you! Obviously you're here because you want to know who I am. Wel...more
SETH ATKINS

A social media marketer from London ...more
HELEN STEPHENS

I love to research products and write reviews only high-quality useful products. ...more
JASON STEVE

Writing is my passion, Social media marketing is my love. I have written many articles on various ni...more


Flea Metamorphosis and the Issue of Pupal Stage by Theresa Flores





Article Author Biography
Flea Metamorphosis and the Issue of Pupal Stage by
Article Posted: 07/04/2012
Article Views: 102
Articles Written: 1738
Word Count: 807
Article Votes: 0
AddThis Social Bookmark Button

Flea Metamorphosis and the Issue of Pupal Stage


 
Environment,Health,Home Improvement
Fleas develop by complete metamorphosis. Like the butterfly, the life cycle of the flea involves an egg, larva, pupa, cocoon and adult. The reproductive cycle of the female flea begins 24 to 36 hours after her first blood meal, when she lays her first egg.

Many flea control problems are aggravated due to the lack of understanding and knowledge of the pupal stage of the flea. Even with advanced technologies in pest management, the flea pupae has proven to be the hardest to control of all stages of the flea life cycle. Many people believe that their flea control program is failing when in fact they just do not understand the tough nature of the flea pupae.

Flea pupae development actually begins during the third and final instar of the larvae. Flea larvae spin their pupal case with a combination of materials collected in their immediate area, with the help of a special silk produced by the larvae. This silky material (produced by saliva of the larvae) helps bind together debris collected by the immature flea. In a home, these materials include pet and human hair, lint, dust and fabrics from carpets, furniture and upholstery. Using these materials, the larvae puts together a water-tight cocoon that is almost invisible - totally camouflaged by blending in with its surroundings. The major change occurs inside of the pupal case: the legless, eyeless worm is changed into a highly developed insect that is engineered to detect warm blooded nesting animals, jump high enough and fast enough to latch on to the animal and feed voraciously from the animal's blood.

If you were to open a flea pupal casing you would either find a fully developed adult flea, a changing flea larvae or an undeveloped larvae that has been deformed by an insect growth regulator. An IGR does not effect any fully developed flea pupae. A larva that has been deformed by an IGR can actually live long enough to pupate but it will never emerge from the pupae stage. IGR sprays only effect the eggs and larvae of fleas.The pupal stage only lasts about a week or 10 days. Although the change is complete, the fully developed adult flea will not necessarily emerge at this time. Nature has a way of protecting creatures from starvation to the point of extinction. Immediately after emerging, the adult flea must have a blood meal to survive and mate. If the fleas emerge and there is not a suitable host in the immediate area, the fleas would not survive. Nature protects fleas by giving them the ability to remain in their cocoon (pupal casing) until there is a good chance that a host is close by. It is not unusual for the protected flea to remain dormant for several months at a time. Without sensing a possible meal, the flea remains dormant. Many people return home from vacation only to find thousands of fleas that they did not know existed before they went on their trip. The very act of walking around, shutting doors, etc., produces vibrations that cause thousands of fleas to hatch at the same time - hungry fleas that attack anything that moves, in search of a meal.

Controlling Flea Pupae

This is the most frustrating part of flea control and is the reason why an understanding of the dormant stage is so important from an integrated pest management point of view. Most people assume that as soon as a home or lawn has been sprayed or otherwise treated, they will not see any more fleas. This just is not the case. Pesticide sprays kill adult fleas that are exposed to the spray. Insect growth regulators effect only flea eggs and flea larvae, preventing them from becoming adults. Flea Stoppers kills flea eggs and flea larvae. Pesticides, insect growth regulators and borate carpet treatments (Flea Stoppers) do not kill fleas that are in their protected pupal casing. The case or cocoon is water tight and not effected by sprays. This means that control of flea pupae involves removing them mechanically (cleaning, vacuuming) and encouraging them to hatch. Your vacuum cleaner is your best friend and most important tool for controlling flea pupae in your home. As mentioned in development of fleas inside pupae, there are only three possible creatures inside of the pupae: a fully developed flea, a maturing flea and a larvae deformed by an IGR that will not live. Once you have treated your home with a product for eggs and larvae, the next step is to get rid of as many pupae as possible. Vacuuming carpets, rugs, floors and furniture accomplishes two important jobs:

Picks up pupae that can be disposed of in an outdoor garbage receptacle. Entices adult fleas to hatch.

For more control ideas, check out the links below:

flea control south auckland

Related Articles - pest control auckland, flea control northshore, flea control auckland, flea control west auckland, flea control east auckland, flea controller, fleas,

Email this Article to a Friend!

Receive Articles like this one direct to your email box!
Subscribe for free today!

 Rate This Article  
Completely useless, should be removed from directory.
Minimal useful information.
Decent and informative.
Great article, very informative and helpful.
A 'Must Read'.



 Author Login 
LOGIN
Register for Author Account

 

Advertiser Login

 

ADVERTISE HERE NOW!
   Limited Time $60 Offer!
   90  Days-1.5 Million Views  

 

Great Paranormal Romance


STEVERT MCKENZIE

Stevert Mckenzie, Travel Enthusiast. ...more
STEPHEN BYE

Steve Bye is currently a fiction writer, who published his first novel, ‘Looking Forward Through The...more
DAMIAN POWELL

Demonstrated exceptional leadership in the government and private sector at an executive level. Skil...more
TIM FAY

I am not a writer nor am I trying to become a writer. I am an average person with average intelligen...more
LAURA JEEVES

At LeadGenerators, we specialise in content-led Online Marketing Strategies for our clients in the t...more
ADRIAN JOELE

I have been involved in nutrition and weight management for over 12 years and I like to share my kn...more
JASON NG

Jason Ng has a huge passion for the health and fitness industry as he strongly believes that having ...more
SUSAN FRIESEN

Susan Friesen, founder of the award-winning web development and digital marketing firm eVision Media...more
GENE MYERS

Author of four books and two screenplays; frequent magazine contributor. I have four other books "in...more
MICHAEL BRESCIANI

Rev Bresciani is the author of two Christian books. One book is an important and concisely written b...more

HomeLinksAbout UsContact UsTerms of UsePrivacy PolicyFAQResources
Copyright © 2020, All rights reserved.
Some pages may contain portions of text relating to certain topics obtained from wikipedia.org under the GNU FDL license