Hernia is a fairly common illness and it happens when a certain organ protrudes the cavity where it is contained, which most commonly refers to the abdomen. However, there are many types of hernia, each of them needing a different treatment or management. Laparoscopic hernia repair is a newer method of treating this illness, for example, while the open repair is traditionally used for incisional hernias. Such a hernia is generally caused by a wound of surgical nature that hasn't healed properly or completely and, because these types of surgeries involve a median incision in the abdomen, it is also called a ventral hernia. Unfortunately, incisional ventral hernias are very difficult to repair and treat, becoming extremely frustrating for people suffering from them. |
Due to the fact that the abdomen has already suffered a surgical incision, which led to the ventral hernia by not healing completely, the open repair, which is the traditional choice for this type of hernia, is a very difficult operation. The surgeon has to remake the incision through the abdominal wall and reinforce a repair by making use a prosthetic mesh. In order to efficiently perform this surgery, the incision has to be quite large, which makes way to many complications, the most common one being infection. The large incision has high risk of infection, bu so does the mesh, in which case a complete removal is necessary. Another disadvantage of the traditional open repair of a ventral hernia, and of other types as well, is the fact that the post-operative pain and recovery process are significantly higher.
A newer alternative to the open surgery is the laparoscopic hernia repair, which refers to the use of surgical telescopes, thus leading to a significantly smaller incision. As a result, the risks for infection and complications are also a lot smaller. The laparoscopic hernia repair has proven very effective in treating all types of hernia, not only the ventral hernia, but also inguinal, femoral or umbilical. Apart from the fact that the large incision from the open surgery is replaced with three smaller incisions, which are far from the weakened area of the abdominal wall, this approach uses a mesh that perfectly covers the hernia defect, not to mention that the recovery is a lot faster and involves less pain. Furthermore, the relapse rate for this kind of procedure is less than 1% and the rate for complications is also very small. In addition, the entire surgery lasts a lot less than the traditional procedure, measured at equal levels of case difficulty and surgical expertise.
All things considered, the laparoscopic hernia repair is a great alternative to open surgery for treating all types of hernias, whether it is inguinal, femoral or umbilical ones or even the most difficult incisional ventral hernia, having many advantages and the only disadvantage of being a slightly more difficult procedure to learn. However, this method is largely used in hospitals all over the world, most of the times in preference to the traditional procedure.
For more resources about laparoscopic hernia or about ventral hernia, please review this link http://hernialosangeles.com.
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