Bed bugs are challenging pests to control. They hide in many tiny places, so inspection and treatments must be through. The process is extremely tedious if you plan to do it yourself. |
Bed bugs infest only a small proportion of residences, but they should be suspected if residents complain of bites that occurred while sleeping. The bedroom and other sleeping areas should be carefully examined for bed bugs and signs of bed bug activity. Look under wallpaper, behind picture frames, and inside cracks and crevices near beds. Carefully inspect the bed frame, undersides of windows, door casings, and loose moldings. Folds and creases in the bed linens, and seams and tufts of mattresses and box springs, in particular, may harbor bed bugs or their eggs. They may also be found within pleats of curtains, beneath loose areas of wallpaper near the bed, in corners of desks and dressers, within spaces of wicker furniture, behind cove molding, and in laundry or other items on the floor or around the room. Sometimes, characteristic dark brown or reddish fecal spots of bed bugs are apparent on the bed linens, mattress or walls near the bed. A peculiar coriander-like odor may be detected in some heavily infested residences. Adhesive-based traps used for sampling insects or rodents are not particularly effective for trapping bed bugs.
First Signs of Bed Bugs
Your first indication of bed bugs will probably be bites. Bed bug bites usually come in groups of threes. Bed bugs have difficulty in moving through hair so the bites will mainly appear in areas of your body where there is less hair. The face, neck, arms and hand are the most common areas of bed bug bites. A bed bug bite is painless and is not noticed. Small, flat or raised bumps may commonly occur.
Seeing a Moving Bed Bug Is Extremely Difficult
Bed bugs are nocturnal so the possibility of seeing them is in the middle of the night around 3 a.m. and 5 a.m. Bed bugs are expert at hiding and can hide almost anywhere under baseboards and carpets, head boards and picture frames, under loose wallpaper and mattresses etc.
Eggs can be nestled in fabric seams. The chances of easily detecting a bed bug are extremely thin. That makes bed bugs difficult to kill.
How Did You Know You Have Bed Bugs
Bed bugs exude a strong odor that is similar to coriander or cilantro. Bed bugs do tend to congregate in habitual hiding places. Characteristically, these areas are likely to be marked by dark spotting staining which is the dried excrement of the bed bugs.
Another telltale though less frequent sign is rusty or brownish blood smears on bed sheets or mattresses from crushing an engorged bed bug. Bed bugs molt their skins several times in a lifetime and the molted skins of maturing nymphs or bed bugs may also be seen.
The eggs of the bed bugs are usually hard to detect as they are almost invisible to the human eye. They can be found attached to the surface with a sticky substance.
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