Rugs or carpets have been long used to decorate our houses and offices with much passion. The most famous rug among all or you may also say, in the world is the Oriental Rugs, which are a hot favourite in the western countries. A real oriental rug is completely made by hand and is either woven without pile or is knotted with pile. |
What are the Oriental Rugs?
In simple terms, the rugs that originate or are made in the Asian countries like Vietnam and China in the east, Maghreb, Turkey, Iran and Cyprus in the west, Caucasus in the north and India in the south, are known as the Oriental Rugs. In short, people from various countries, cultures, religions and races are involved into the production of these rugs. Organizing of these rugs are done on their origin, Arabian rugs, Persian rugs, Kurdish rugs, Anatolian rugs, Caucasian rugs, Turkestanian rugs, Tibetan rugs, Central Asian rugs, Chinese rugs and Indian rugs. There have been some interesting fact and figures pertaining to the rugs of Oriental origin. They are famous indeed, while rich with a background story to enhance the production superiority of the rug over the others. Some of them are mentioned below.
The brief history of Persian Rug
Weaving a carpet has been one of the very distinguished and prominent manifestation of the art and culture of Persia. Iran had a global market share of 30% in the year 2008 with an export worth of $420 million. Currently, there is an estimated 1.2 million weavers producing carpets in Iran for the international carpet market as well as the domestic market. The hand woven rugs are a major non-oil export item in Iran, which is sent to more than 100 countries. There has been a fierce competition for the Iranian carpets from the reproduction or the imitation, which are considerably cheaper than the earlier. The handmade carpets of Iran make literally three quarters of the globe’s total output. This is also under threat from the machine-made rugs in recent times.
The pride of India-Kashmir Rug
India is famous for many things; one among them is the Kashmir Rug, which is a hand-knotted rug from the Kashmir region from the northern part of the nation. These rugs have very intricate designs, which are majorly in a floral style with multiple varieties of colours, quality and size. The Kashmir rugs are not considered an indigenous trade of the region but it is thought to have come from Persia. If one looks closely, they would find that most of the designs have distinct Persian style to them with some variations from the local input. These rugs are made out of pure silk or pure wool, while occasionally both the materials are being blend in two; to create a fine piece of art. Just like the Persian rugs, the Kashmir rugs are also considered to be of a high investment value and not just decorative items. There is a very fine saying in the Kashmiri folklore that a home is not complete with a soul, if it doesn’t have a Kashmir carpet.
War Rugs from Afghanistan
This is the most intimidating kind of rug weaving pattern, in the whole world from the land of dry mountains and cold deserts. Afghanistan has the tradition of producing what they call war rugs. It has its roots of origin in the past when the Soviet occupation held the lands of Afghanistan from 1979 and continued to bring forth a wrath of military, social and political conflict over the nation. This prompted the Afghani rug manufacturers to incorporate all the apparatus of war and battles into the designs, as soon as the invasion of the Soviet Union to their country.
Termed as ‘Baluch’ in local language; these rugs have a potential to convey their manufacturer’s interpretations and experiences of the circumstances that were developed in the politics of conflict and war in their region. While they remain the favourite of the rug collectors as each piece is unique and one of a kind, still very little is known about the production and distribution of these masterpieces.
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