There are mainly three different ways of blood donation, of which donating plasma; a yellow colored liquid part of blood, is one of the three types. Around the globe Millions of people are getting advangate from the Plasma based therapies; to treat hemophiliacs, shock , severe burns or other conditions having the potential to cause very serious life threatening effects. |
The process of “Apheresis” is involved while donating plasma. Therefore, it is also known as “Plasmapheresis”. Type “AB” plasma is a universal type, that is accepted by all recipients regardless of their own blood type.
Eligibility criteria for donating plasma:
The Individual who has decided to donate plasma is required to meet certain criteria. For this, The donor should be aged between 18-65 years, with body weight greater than 50 kg and less than 110 pounds. He must pass a Physical examination, provide a complete medical history, screening tests for syphillis, personal identification details, hepatitis, HIV, hematocrit levels and total plasma proteins. Sometimes urinalysis is also done.
General Health condition of person donating plasma:
The first & foremost is the health of the donor. Before donating plasma, donor should inform the health care personnel if he had any surgery in the recent past. If he has obtained a tattoo or touch-up within the last twelve months, this should bring to the knowledge of personnel.
Dietary consideration for a person donating plasma:
The donor must be following a diet plan rich in protein & Iron contents. The Donor must maintain optimum hydration levels by regular intake of plenty of fluids, either in the form of juice or simply water prior to the day of donating plasma.
Recommended time frame for donating plasma:
According to the FDA, Plasma can be donated twice a week. Plasma is reproduced in about 24 hours, so another 24 hours are spared for recovery after donating plasma. The interval between the two successive sessions must be at least 48 hours.
Possible side effects of donating plasma:
Localized infection at the site of vein puncture. Anticoagulants used may cause tingling sensations in lips or fingers. Often allergic reactions may occur that include but are not limited to; flushing, itching & hives. Life threatening respiratory problems, such as difficulty in breathing & bronchospasm may occur. Gastrointestinal effects including Nausea, vomiting & abdominal cramps. Light-headedness, fainting or seizure is also seen.
Safety concerns when donating plasma:
Overall Research indicates that regularly donating plasma is safe. However, a small percentage of donors experience lowered antibodies, scarred veins & low Iron levels. The risk of contracting pulmonary syndrome that is a transfusion related acute lung injury (TRALI) to the recipients have also been reported. Keeping in view the safety of the recipient, the donor should also avoid alcohol intake & excess of caffeine.
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