Plastic surgery is different from a regular surgery in many ways. A surgery following an accident may be done to save a life, in which case the patient may not have a big choice. On the other hand, a plastic surgery is normally done on the person’s own volition, and is usually a matter of choice. |
Another name for plastic surgery is reconstructive surgery. As the two terms suggest, it is done to restore or alter some part of the body. Essentially cosmetic in nature; these procedures are carried out on one’s own will to supplement one’s beauty, although many plastic surgeries could be done to improve the function of the affected body part.
Although plastic surgeries are quite a craze in the west, they are quite popular in other parts of the world, too. In fact, India is credited with being the country that gave the world the concept of plastic surgery. Sushruta, a famous surgeon of ancient India, is said to have carried out plastic surgery procedures in the 6th century BC. The methods he used spread to other parts of the world, and were continued in his native country too for many centuries. The basic idea was to have healthy tissues from other parts of the body removed and stitched on the affected part.
Till very recently, plastic surgeries used to be based on the same methods, until the invention of artificial substances that prevented the need for removing other body parts. Plastic surgeries are done on a number of places in the body. Today, millions of plastic surgeries are carried out all over the world, with the US being the leader in terms of numbers.
Most common types of plastic surgery
The most common plastic surgeries carried out in the US today are for the abdomen, or what is called tummy tuck, eyelid surgery, penile liposuction, mammoplasties of various kinds such as breast augmentation, breast reduction, breast firming, buttock lift and chemical peel, a procedure in which scars from pimples and a few ailments are removed.
Not cosmetic all the time
Plastic surgery could also be done for a number of medical reasons. Burns and surgeries done to correct some kind of congenital abnormalities are popular varieties of plastic surgeries of this nature.
Weigh all factors before taking a decision
A plastic surgery should be a well-informed, well thought-out choice. It should never be undergone without weighing the pros and cons. All procedures have one or another kind of undesirable side effect. In more than a few isolated cases, plastic surgeries have resulted in the patient’s death. Other side effects are peculiar to the type of surgery carried out. The person undergoing a plastic surgery should consult the doctor and take a prudent decision.
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