Our kitchens are warm, provide food water and shelter so are a natural haven and breeding ground for several common pests, including mice, cockroaches, ants, weevils, beetles and meal moths. Discovering pests in your pantry may well bother you but should not surprise you as these critters enjoy eating the same foods we do. |
Moths of the kitchen cupboards and their larvae are commonly known as "pantry moths", "flour moths", " meal moths" or "grain moths". They love to lay eggs in and feast on your dried goods, and then weave cocoons in any crevice they can find before emerging to start the cycle again
Some pests, like cockroaches, ants and mice may venture in from outdoors to have a feast in your pantry. Other pests, like meal moths, weevils and some tiny beetles, whilst they can fly in through an open door are usually brought home in an infested food product where they may or may not have hatched yet. They can be present in the product in different stages of their life cycle, egg, larvae, pupa or adult and can easily multiply and spread to other food in your pantry.
It is therefore important to put in place some simple, natural pest control measures to keep the little critters away.
NON-TOXIC HOME PEST CONTROL
Store all dried foods in pest-proof containers preferably tight fitting screw top glass or metal containers, this will prevent escape or entry of insects. Ideally do this as soon as you bring a susceptible product home like rice, grains, cereals, flour and nuts. It is best to store these high risk products in a cool dark place. Always use older food products from your pantry before new ones. If you discover any of these pests in your pantry, it is important to identify the pest and locate the source as soon as possible.
Give your cupboard and kitchen a big clean out, wipe all the shelves cupboard doors and bench tops with warm soapy water, vacuum out cupboards paying particular attention to cracks and corners then remember to throw away your vacuum cleaner bag to prevent re-infestation. Check the toaster, microwave and stove for any crumbs and clean them away if present. Mice are known to collect a food supply, often dry pet food and hoard them in walls, behind cupboards or appliances which can make locating an infestation difficult at times.
Closely examine all food products in your pantry. These common pests can get into cardboard, paper and plastic wrapping so examine all items thoroughly and implement some simple, natural pest control measures. Sadly traps or baits are the best way to get rid of rodents if you want them out. If you find a little ant trail, firstly clean the kitchen and try to find the product they are eating, usually the sweetest product in your pantry. By removing the food source, hopefully the ants will relocate. Not exactly non-toxic as it kills the ants, but a simple and effective treatment that targets the queen ant and the nest, has no impact on your pantry products and is environmentally considerate. Ant-Rid contains honey to attract the ant and borax which the worker ants take back to the nest and passes onto other ants before dying. Non-toxic treatment methods for moths, weevils and tiny beetles that can be done at home includes placing the infested product in the freezer for 5-7 days or if appropriate heated to 60oC in the oven for 1 hour.
Actually locating the infestation and appropriate treatment is still needed to solve the problem. Dried bay leaves in your pantry have also been used for many generations deterrent for pests and will certainly do no harm. Prevention is always better than cure and certainly less toxic for all involved. Keep all food well sealed, including pet food. Ensure you compost bucket has a tight fitting lid, take your garbage out regularly and ensure all bottle, cans and wrapping that has food on them are washed out before home storage for recycling.
Routinely placing newly purchased susceptible products in the freezer before placing in the pantry is very worthwhile, especially organic products that have never been fumigated. It is worth considering allocating some freezer space just for this, especially in summer.
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