Phuket is Thailand's biggest island, and is roughly the size of Singapore. Phuket nestles in calm Andaman Sea waters on Thailand's Indian Sea coast-line 867 klicks south of Bangkok. Phuket is an island connected by bridges to southern Thailand's Andaman Sea coast, in the Indian Sea, lying between seven ' forty five" and eight ' fifteen" north latitude, and from 98 ' fifteen" to 98 ' forty" west longitude on the map. Thailand's biggest island, Phuket is enclosed by 32 smaller islands that form a part of the same administration, with a total area of 570 square kilometers. Measured at its widest point, Phuket is 21.3 kilometers; at it’s longest, 48.7 kilometers. It is bounded so: About seventy p.c of Phuket is hilly ; a western range runs from north to south from which smaller branches derive. The tallest peak is Mai Tao Sip Song, or 12 Canes, at 529 meters, which lies in the limits of Tambon Patong, Kathu District ( no roads go there yet ). The leftover thirty p.c of the island, principally in the middle and south, is made by low fields. Streams include the Klong Bang Yai, Klong Ta Jin, Klong Ta Rua, and Klong Bang Rohng, none being enormous. Phuket Island has a long recorded history, and remains going back to A.D.1025 imply that the island's present day name derives in meaning from the Tamil mainframe, or Crystal Mountain. For the majority of history nonetheless, it was known as Junk Ceylon, which, with divergences, is the name found on old maps. The name is believed to have its roots in Ptolemy's Geographia, created by the Alexadrian geographer in the 3rd Century A.D. He discussed that in making an outing from Suwannapum to the Malay Promontory it was critical to pass the cape of Jang Si Lang. Phuket was a way station on the route between India and China where seafarers stopped to cover. The island appears to have once been part of the Shivite Empire (called in Thai the Tam Porn Ling) that established itself on the Malay Promontory in the first Millenium A.D. Later on as Muang Takua-Talang, it was a part of the Srivichai and Siri Tahm empires. Ruled as the eleventh in a constellation of 12 towns, Phuket's emblem, by which it was known to others in those mostly pre-literate times, was the dog. In the Sukothai Period Phuket was connected with Takua Pah in what's now Phang-nga Province, another area with huge tin reserves. The Dutch established a trading post in the Ayuthaya Period in the 16th Cent. The island's northwards and central regions then were ruled by the Thais, and the southern and western parts were given over to the tin trade, a concession in the hands of foreigners. After Ayuthaya was sacked by the Burmese in 1767 there had been a short interregnum in Thailand, stopped by King Taksin, who drove out the Burmese and re-unified the country. The Burmese nevertheless, were concerned to come back to the offensive. They equipped a fleet to raid the southern provinces, and carry off the populations to slavery in Burma. This led straight to Phuket's most remarkable consequential event. A transient sea captain, Francis Light, sent word the Burmese were in transit to attack. Forces in Phuket were assembled controlled by the 2 heroes, Kunying Jan, other half of Phuket's lately dead governor, and her sister Mook. After a month's siege the Burmese were compelled to depart on thirteen March, 1785. Kunying Jan and her sister were credited with the successful defense. In recognition King Rama I bestowed on Kunying Jan the honorific Thao Thep Kasatri, a title of nobility often reserved for royalty, by which she's known today. Her sister became Thao Sri Suntorn. In the Nineteenth Century Chinese immigrants arrived in such numbers to work the tin mines the ethnic personality of the island's interior became mostly Chinese, while the seaside settlements stayed populated customarily by Muslim fishermen. In Rama V's reign, Phuket became the administration middle of a grouping of tin mining provinces called Monton Phuket, and in 1933 with the change in govt from decisive monarchy to a parliamentary system, the island was established as a province on its own. |
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