Amazines Free Article Archive
www.amazines.com - Saturday, May 28, 2022
Read about the most recent changes and happenings at Amazines.com
Log into your account or register as a new author. Start submitting your articles right now!
Search our database for articles.
Subscribe to receive articles emailed straight to your email account. You may choose multiple categories.
View our newest articles submitted by our authors.
View our most top rated articles rated by our visitors.
* Please note that this is NOT the ARTICLE manager
Add a new EZINE, or manage your EZINE submission.
Add fresh, free web content to your site such as newest articles, web tools, and quotes with a single piece of code!
Home What's New? Submit/Manage Articles Latest Posts Top Rated Article Search
Google
Subscriptions Manage Ezines
CATEGORIES
 Article Archive
 Advertising (133514)
 Advice (161571)
 Affiliate Programs (34788)
 Art and Culture (73835)
 Automotive (145677)
 Blogs (75393)
 Boating (9851)
 Books (17221)
 Buddhism (4129)
 Business (1329944)
 Business News (426412)
 Business Opportunities (366444)
 Camping (10970)
 Career (72776)
 Christianity (15844)
 Collecting (11639)
 Communication (115069)
 Computers (241913)
 Construction (38921)
 Consumer (49947)
 Cooking (17078)
 Copywriting (6730)
 Crafts (18205)
 Cuisine (7547)
 Current Affairs (20307)
 Dating (45901)
 EBooks (19700)
 E-Commerce (48246)
 Education (185373)
 Electronics (83517)
 Email (6439)
 Entertainment (159836)
 Environment (28922)
 Ezine (3040)
 Ezine Publishing (5452)
 Ezine Sites (1550)
 Family & Parenting (110928)
 Fashion & Cosmetics (196538)
 Female Entrepreneurs (11851)
 Feng Shui (132)
 Finance & Investment (310503)
 Fitness (106442)
 Food & Beverages (63005)
 Free Web Resources (7939)
 Gambling (30225)
 Gardening (25192)
 Government (10512)
 Health (629869)
 Hinduism (2206)
 Hobbies (44078)
 Home Business (91593)
 Home Improvement (251123)
 Home Repair (46209)
 Humor (4717)
 Import - Export (5456)
 Insurance (45103)
 Interior Design (29588)
 International Property (3488)
 Internet (191001)
 Internet Marketing (146662)
 Investment (22855)
 Islam (1161)
 Judaism (1352)
 Law (80454)
 Link Popularity (4596)
 Manufacturing (20901)
 Marketing (99269)
 MLM (14140)
 Motivation (18232)
 Music (26996)
 New to the Internet (9496)
 Non-Profit Organizations (4048)
 Online Shopping (129726)
 Organizing (7809)
 Party Ideas (11853)
 Pets (38070)
 Poetry (2229)
 Press Release (12687)
 Public Speaking (5639)
 Publishing (7561)
 Quotes (2407)
 Real Estate (126595)
 Recreation & Leisure (95456)
 Relationships (87647)
 Research (16180)
 Sales (80345)
 Science & Technology (110280)
 Search Engines (23496)
 Self Improvement (153285)
 Seniors (6216)
 Sexuality (35996)
 Small Business (49286)
 Software (83017)
 Spiritual (23466)
 Sports (116146)
 Tax (7659)
 Telecommuting (34072)
 Travel & Tourism (308168)
 UK Property Investment (3122)
 Video Games (13382)
 Web Traffic (11760)
 Website Design (56875)
 Website Promotion (36614)
 World News (1000+)
 Writing (35833)
Author Spotlight
DESIGNPLUZ DIGITALAGENCY

Designpluz has steadily matured from a passionate graphics design start-up, into a full service digi...more
MARBLEPLUS AUSTRALIA

Marble Plus - Sydney & Brisbane's leaders in stone and marble tiles. We honour small and wholesale o...more
SANTOSH GUPTHA

Certified Medical coder with 42 certifications,15 years experience in Medical records coding, HIPAA,...more
HANVEY HUANG

I'm a Chief Operated Officer from KIMKOO Mattress machinery.The pen is mightier than the sword.so I ...more
JOHN WHARTON

img border="0" height="22" src="3.bp.blogspot.com/-lwbCHWyiaZE/UkU4PxcWj8I/AAAAAAAAAA0/QooVAHCHbx4/...more


Climate scientists discover new weak point of the antarctic icesheet - Alkaline Battery Charger by fdhjkl rfghjtkl





Article Author Biography
Climate scientists discover new weak point of the antarctic icesheet - Alkaline Battery Charger by
Article Posted: 11/07/2013
Article Views: 71
Articles Written: 2148
Word Count: 879
Article Votes: 0
AddThis Social Bookmark Button

Climate scientists discover new weak point of the antarctic icesheet - Alkaline Battery Charger


 
Business,Business News,Business Opportunities
The Filchner-Ronne Ice Shelf fringing the Weddell Sea, Antarctica,may start to melt rapidly in this century and no longer act as abarrier for ice streams draining the Antarctic Ice Sheet. Thesepredictions are made by climate researchers of the Alfred WegenerInstitute for Polar and Marine Research in the HelmholtzAssociation in the coming issue of the British science magazine"Nature". They refute the widespread assumption that ice shelves in theWeddell Sea would not be affected by the direct influences ofglobal warming due to the peripheral location of the Sea. The results of the climate modelers from the Alfred WegenerInstitute will come as a surprise to the professional world withthe majority of experts assuming that the consequences of globalwarming for Antarctica would be noticeable primarily in theAmundsen Sea and therefore in the western part of Antarctica.

"The Weddell Sea was not really on the screen because we allthought that unlike the Amundsen Sea its warm waters would not beable to reach the ice shelves. But we found a mechanism whichdrives warm water towards the coast with an enormous impact on theFichner-Ronne Ice Shelf in the coming decades", says Dr. HartmutHellmer, oceanographer at the Alfred Wegener Institute and leadauthor of the study. Using different model calculations, he and his colleagues Dr. FrankKauker, Dr.

Ralph Timmermann and Dr. Jurgen Determann as well asDr. Jamie Rae from Met Office Hadley Centre, U.K., demonstrate thatas a result of a chain reaction large ice masses could presumablyslide into the ocean within the next six decades. This chain reaction is triggered by rising air temperatures abovethe southeastern Weddell Sea.

"Our models show that the warmer airwill lead to the currently solid sea ice in the southern WeddellSea becoming thinner and therefore more fragile and mobile in a fewdecades", says Frank Kauker. If this happens, fundamental transportprocesses will change. "This will mean that a hydrographic front in the southern WeddellSea will disappear which has so far prevented warm water fromgetting under the ice shelf. According to our calculations, thisprotective barrier will disintegrate by the end of this century",explains Hartmut Hellmer.

An inflow of warmer water beneath the Filchner-Ronne Ice Shelf willmelt the ice from below. "We expect the greatest melting rates nearthe so-called grounding line, the zone in which the ice shelfsettles on the sea floor at the transition to the glacier. At thispoint the Filchner-Ronne Ice Shelf is melting today at a rate ofaround 5 metres per year. By the turn of the next century the meltrates will rise to up to 50 metres per year", says Hellmer'scolleague Jurgen Determann. How the ice streams behind will react in the event of a melt ofsuch enormous proportions is currently being investigated by JurgenDetermann.

One thing is obvious, however: "Ice shelves are likecorks in the bottles for the ice streams behind them. They reducethe ice flow because they lodge in bays everywhere and rest onislands. If, however, the ice shelves melt from below, they becomeso thin that the dragging surfaces become smaller and the icebehind them starts to move", explains Hartmut Hellmer. "If the high melting rates are completely compensated by inland iceflow, this loss in mass would correspond to an additional rise inglobal sea level of 4.4 millimetres per year", adds JurgenDetermann. According to the latest estimates based on remotesensing data, global sea level rose for the period 2003-2010 at arate of 1.5 millimetres per year due to melting of glaciers and iceshelves.

This occurs in addition to the 1.7 millimetres per yeardue to thermal expansion of the oceans. The forecasts of the current study are based on independentcalculations of the ocean models BRIOS (Bremerhaven Regional IceOcean Simulations) and FESOM (Finite Element Sea Ice Ocean Model). The scientists used the atmospheric projections of the British MetOffice Hadley Centre in Exeter as forcing data. These included, forexample, information on the future development of the wind and ofthe temperature in Antarctica.

Hartmut Hellmer and his colleagues have thoroughly checked themodel results for being realistic: "We started the BRIOS model in1860 to see whether its results also represent the currentsituation. We found that this condition was satisfied. For example,the water temperatures for the Weddell Sea predicted by BRIOS areclose to those we have actually measured in the recent past", saysRalph Timmermann. Adding, "The BRIOS model has been verified on many occasions in thepast. It correctly predicts sea ice thickness, concentration, anddrift as well as circulation patterns.

And FESOM is well on the wayto attaining BRIOS status. However, it has a far higher resolution,which is why we have to wait a long time until the computer hascalculated several decades and more. BRIOS only needs less than aweek for a century." The study was conducted as part of the EU-funded research programme"Ice2sea". This project brings together scientists from 24 leadingresearch institutions of the European Union and from Chile, Norwayand Iceland.

Together, the scientists aim for decoding theinteractions between ice and climate and in this way facilitatemore precise predictions about the effects of melting ice on sealevel. More information on the Ice2sea project is available here .

I am an expert from coalarmdetector.com, while we provides the quality product, such as Alkaline Battery Charger , Optical Smoke Detector, CO Alarm Detector,and more.

Related Articles - Alkaline Battery Charger, Optical Smoke Detector,

Email this Article to a Friend!

Receive Articles like this one direct to your email box!
Subscribe for free today!

 Rate This Article  
Completely useless, should be removed from directory.
Minimal useful information.
Decent and informative.
Great article, very informative and helpful.
A 'Must Read'.

 

Do you Agree or Disagree? Have a Comment? POST IT!

 Reader Opinions 
Submit your comments and they will be posted here.
Make this comment or to the Author only:
Name:
Email:
*Your email will NOT be posted. This is for administrative purposes only.
Comments: *Your Comments WILL be posted to the AUTHOR ONLY if you select PRIVATE and to this PUBLIC PAGE if you select PUBLIC, so write accordingly.
 
Please enter the code in the image:



 Author Login 
LOGIN
Register for Author Account

 

Advertiser Login

 

ADVERTISE HERE NOW!
   Limited Time $60 Offer!
   90  Days-1.5 Million Views  

 

Great Paranormal Romance


STEPHEN BYE

Steve Bye is currently a fiction writer, who published his first novel, ‘Looking Forward Through The...more
LAURA JEEVES

At LeadGenerators, we specialise in content-led Online Marketing Strategies for our clients in the t...more
SHALINI MITTAL

A postgraduate in Fashion Technology. Shalini is a writer at heart! Writing for her is an expression...more
STEVERT MCKENZIE

Stevert Mckenzie, Travel Enthusiast. ...more
GENE MYERS

Author of four books and two screenplays; frequent magazine contributor. I have four other books "in...more
ALEX BELSEY

I am the editor of QUAY Magazine, a B2B publication based in the South West of the UK. I am also the...more
NEVIO GARDASANIC

Hello, my name is Nevio Gardasanic. If you want to go beyond being just a perpetual beginner at thin...more
SANJIB DAS

Sanjib Kumar Das is an Indian business enthusiast and entrepreneur who is motivated to help small an...more
AKSHAY CHOPRA

Akshay Chopra is an experienced certified personal trainer and the founder of WERSTUID. An organizat...more
TIM FAY

I am not a writer nor am I trying to become a writer. I am an average person with average intelligen...more

HomeLinksAbout UsContact UsTerms of UsePrivacy PolicyFAQResources
Copyright © 2022, All rights reserved.
Some pages may contain portions of text relating to certain topics obtained from wikipedia.org under the GNU FDL license