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Artificial Stone Technologys by Vicky Smith





Article Author Biography
Artificial Stone Technologys by
Article Posted: 11/17/2013
Article Views: 115
Articles Written: 1910
Word Count: 578
Article Votes: 0
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Artificial Stone Technologys


 
Business
Artificial stone technology, or the use of usually cheaper alternatives to stone, has been around for a long time and continues to find applications in building, garden ornamentation and even sculptural restoration and preservation. Early History In ancient times, artificial stone was used as a facing when quarried stone was not readily available. The Egyptians used lime-and-gypsum plaster that was lined and painted to simulate the texture of stone to decorate the walls of their tombs. Romans used renders, or first coats of plaster, for a similar purpose on a greater variety of buildings. Roman plaster was more durable due to the incorporation of lime, pozzolana, volcanic ash additives, shreds of pottery and brick dust. Applications In the 16th and 17th centuries, Italian recipes for stucco included dusts, lime and glue for strength and the simulation of a stone appearance. Stucco work in 18th century neoclassical interiors was modeled to appear carved and a light blue-gray overpaint used to simulate stone. The facades of neoclassical buildings used renders lined to look like stone entablatures, possible due to the development of cement formulas. Scagliola was a type of imitation marble used from the 16th century for tabletops and as a molding. In the 17th and 18th centuries. it was part of the design of Italian monasteries. Popularity Artificial stone achieved popularity in England in the 18th and 19th centuries due to a growing demand for durable architectural decoration and statuary. In the 19th century, there were approximately 25 British manufacturers of artificial stone for statuary and garden ornaments. The most successful producer of artificial stone ornament was Eleanor Coade's Coade Artificial Stone Manufactory, set up in Lambeth, London, in 1769. Coade stone was predominantly a mixture of clay, silica and grog of flint and feldspar. A formula developed by Stephen Pettifer is in use today for the restoration of damaged sculptures in Coade stone and other mediums. Cast Stone Today, artificial stone is often used interchangeably with cast stone, a cement-based artificial stone whose modern definition in the British Standards is “any material manufactured with aggregate and cementitious binder, intended to resemble in appearance, and which may be used in a similar way to, natural stone,” according to Haddonstone.com. The earliest known use of cast stone was at Carcassonne, France, according to the Cast Stone Institute, an American organization. This cast stone consisted of lintels cast from sandstone, aggregate and lime-pozzolan cement, used to repair the walls of Carcassonne, according to Haddonstone.com. Cast Stone Technology Continental Cast Stone defines cast stone as an architectural, precast building stone made from fine and coarse aggregates, including limestone, marble, calcite, granite, quartz, natural sands, Portland cement and mineral oxide coloring pigments. The mixture is placed in molds to achieve a dense texture similar to natural cut stone. Cast stone, which can be made to resemble limestone, brownstone, bluestone, granite, slate, travertine and marble, can match terra-cotta and brick. Finally, let me have a short conclusion. As an eminent business E-platform of promoting stone industry, we have been continuously merging all kinds of resources together, in which regard not only has it realized the strategic combination of Stones Yellow Pages and overseas famous stone magazines, but also its good cooperation with overseas stone associations and organizations. If you are really interested in us and want to consult us freely, you can also see tombstone or become a loyal follower of us by @ https://twitter.com/stonebtb.

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