Cancer is a term for a group of diseases characterized by cells that grow uncontrollably, which form malignant tumors. The disease can spread to other parts of the body. These diseases are very complex, and many of them are not completely understood. There are a variety of causes for each disease, and while precautions can be taken to prevent many of them, in many cases they can be detected through screenings and imaging. A cancer hospital specializes in providing treatments to people who are suffering from these diseases. There are a variety of treatments available for patients. |
Chemotherapy is one of the most common treatments provided by a cancer hospital. This process works to kill cells that are in the process of growing and spitting into new cells. Because these cells grow more rapidly than normal ones, chemotherapy is able to focus in on cancerous cells to destroy them. There are a few different methods of administering chemotherapy. The main methods include a drip into the bloodstream, an injection into the bloodstream, and oral medication such as capsules or tablets. All of these drugs circulate through the body in the bloodstream, working to kill cancerous cells.
Radiation is another common treatment administered in a cancer hospital. Radiation is energy that is emitted in the form of a wave of particles. This process works to damage cancerous genes that are contained in cells. Genes dictate how cells divide, and radiation disrupts this process by damaging those genes and preventing cancerous cells from dividing and growing. Over time and through many treatment sessions, the cells begin to die completely. This works to kill cancerous cells and eliminate tumors. Radiation does not always work immediately. It typically takes some time in order for the cells to start dying, and they may continue to die for a long stretch of time following the treatment.
Targeted therapy is another common treatment. This treatment is also designed to keep cancerous cells from growing and spreading throughout the body. The process involves interfering with the process of growth that is typical of normal and cancerous cells. This helps to prevent the spread of cancerous cells by blocking the signals that tell these cells to divide. The therapy requires identifying specific targets in the body that would best benefit the patient.
Because these diseases are so complex and varied, there is no one cure for them. Based on the specific circumstances of the patient and the disease, an oncologist will advise the patient on the best course of action.
For residents of Alabama, cancer hospital information can be found here: http://www.mmcenters.com/index.php/facilities/cancer_care_center
Related Articles -
Alabama, cancer, hospital,