Amazines Free Article Archive
www.amazines.com - Tuesday, November 12, 2019
Read about the most recent changes and happenings at Amazines.com
Log into your account or register as a new author. Start submitting your articles right now!
Search our database for articles.
Subscribe to receive articles emailed straight to your email account. You may choose multiple categories.
View our newest articles submitted by our authors.
View our most top rated articles rated by our visitors.
* Please note that this is NOT the ARTICLE manager
Add a new EZINE, or manage your EZINE submission.
Add fresh, free web content to your site such as newest articles, web tools, and quotes with a single piece of code!
Home What's New? Submit/Manage Articles Latest Posts Top Rated Article Search
Google
Subscriptions Manage Ezines
CATEGORIES
 Article Archive
 Advertising (133320)
 Advice (160854)
 Affiliate Programs (34735)
 Art and Culture (73688)
 Automotive (145678)
 Blogs (75051)
 Boating (9840)
 Books (17122)
 Buddhism (4124)
 Business (1328514)
 Business News (426309)
 Business Opportunities (366263)
 Camping (10961)
 Career (72734)
 Christianity (15843)
 Collecting (11637)
 Communication (115055)
 Computers (241954)
 Construction (38996)
 Consumer (49680)
 Cooking (17061)
 Copywriting (6567)
 Crafts (18204)
 Cuisine (7538)
 Current Affairs (20387)
 Dating (45776)
 EBooks (19687)
 E-Commerce (48204)
 Education (185250)
 Electronics (83496)
 Email (6392)
 Entertainment (159830)
 Environment (28937)
 Ezine (3039)
 Ezine Publishing (5446)
 Ezine Sites (1550)
 Family & Parenting (110900)
 Fashion & Cosmetics (196389)
 Female Entrepreneurs (11842)
 Feng Shui (130)
 Finance & Investment (310270)
 Fitness (106092)
 Food & Beverages (62866)
 Free Web Resources (7938)
 Gambling (30225)
 Gardening (25105)
 Government (10513)
 Health (629501)
 Hinduism (2205)
 Hobbies (44039)
 Home Business (91556)
 Home Improvement (251348)
 Home Repair (46126)
 Humor (4823)
 Import - Export (5453)
 Insurance (45130)
 Interior Design (29546)
 International Property (3485)
 Internet (190983)
 Internet Marketing (146334)
 Investment (22824)
 Islam (1167)
 Judaism (1356)
 Law (80485)
 Link Popularity (4591)
 Manufacturing (20842)
 Marketing (98770)
 MLM (14136)
 Motivation (18213)
 Music (27002)
 New to the Internet (9479)
 Non-Profit Organizations (4048)
 Online Shopping (129616)
 Organizing (7803)
 Party Ideas (11855)
 Pets (38080)
 Poetry (2234)
 Press Release (12673)
 Public Speaking (5618)
 Publishing (7523)
 Quotes (2407)
 Real Estate (126618)
 Recreation & Leisure (95271)
 Relationships (87458)
 Research (16158)
 Sales (80321)
 Science & Technology (110218)
 Search Engines (23453)
 Self Improvement (153098)
 Seniors (6232)
 Sexuality (35942)
 Small Business (49284)
 Software (82995)
 Spiritual (23465)
 Sports (116079)
 Tax (7658)
 Telecommuting (34066)
 Travel & Tourism (307365)
 UK Property Investment (3119)
 Video Games (13428)
 Web Traffic (11727)
 Website Design (56821)
 Website Promotion (36567)
 World News (1000+)
 Writing (35768)
Author Spotlight
ALFRED MEARS

Former English Teacher; Musician (20+ years); Freelance Writer ...more
ANISH SAH

My Name is Anish Sah, I am an Internet Marketing and SEO Expert, Social Media Guru and young Entrepr...more
DELORES KEEPER

Delores Keeper has been playing chess for over 50 years. Some tournaments, some teams (when she was ...more
AUSTIN STEVENS

I write books. I am best known for writing Sales & Marketing articles and books. I also writes artic...more
SHOVON JOARDER

Shovon Joarder has been working as Freelance Marketing Project Manager for over four years. He also ...more


Life at Cape Flattery Lighthouse by Katy Beacher





Life at Cape Flattery Lighthouse by
Article Posted: 05/07/2018
Article Views: 222
Articles Written: 22
Word Count: 1012
Article Votes: 0
AddThis Social Bookmark Button

Life at Cape Flattery Lighthouse


 
Travel & Tourism
In March of 1778 Captain James Cook sailed the waters of the North Washington Coast where there was an opening along the coastline. He named the place Cape Flattery because he thought he had been flattered into thinking it was a passage into The Strait of Juan de Fuca. In his logbook he wrote “In this very latitude geographers have placed the pretended Strait of Juan de Fuca. But nothing of that kind presented itself to our view, nor is it probable that any such thing ever existed.”

Ten years later Captain John Meares managed to confirm the existence of the Strait of Juan de Fuca when he visited a small island that sits about a half mile off Cape Flattery. There he met Tatooche, chief of the Makah Indians. He named the island after Chief Tatooche. The chief used the island as his base during summers when he hunted whales and caught salmon.

In 1850 William McArthur had just finished surveying the west coast and recommended a lighthouse be established on Tatooche Island. In this way the vessels could enter the strait at night and not have to wait until daylight. In 1854 Congress was convinced to allocate $39,000 to build lighthouses on Tatoosh Island and on New Dungeness Spit. The government had paid $30,000 for all of the Makah's traditional lands except for a small reservation at Neah Bay.

The Makah Indians were quite angry with the white people who purchased their land and gave the construction crew a hostile reception. This was because several hundred of the Indians had been killed by an outbreak of smallpox in 1853 brought on by the disease bearing "Bostons". During the summer the Indians continued to use the island for fishing and whale hunting. In order to protect themselves the construction crew built a blockhouse of rough-hewn timbers before they started construction on the lighthouse. There was always one member of the crew on guard duty but there were no more issues with the Indians other than a few missing tools and supplies.

On December 28, 1857 the first-order Louis Sauter Fresnel lens light was first illuminated in the sixty-six foot tower of Cape Flattery lighthouse. This tower was taller than most of the Cape-Cod-Style lighthouses. Its white light had a focal plane 162 feet above the sea. Cape Flattery lighthouse was the fourteenth established on the west coast.

The pay for a lighthouse keeper was poor and the weather conditions were miserable.causing many keepers to resign. In 1861 there was a visitor to the island who saw the rundown condition of the lighthouse. He saw the leaky roof and the moss growing on inside walls. Wind even blew across the chimney causing smoke to invade the living quarters. The keepers were provided with extra fuel and the district engineer was commanded to find a permanent solution.

In 1873, after several years of deplorable conditions and inept keepers, the lighthouse dwelling was declared "not fit to be occupied" as the walls were moldy all year long. Congress appropriated $18,000 to build a new duplex with six rooms on each side. The rooms in the lighthouse which were formerly keepers quarters were now being used for storage.

Some very interesting things happened on this island. Francis James was the first principal keeper. One day he became angry with an assistant and threw coffee in his face. The two men decided to settle the argument with a gunfight. They took three shots at each other, called it a draw and shook hands. Later, another assistant confessed to removing the bullets.

Due to the "frollicking" nature of the bachelor keepers it was decided that keepers with families were more dependable and in 1894, with families coming onto the island, it was determined that more living space was needed. and the lighthouse was once again made livable.

October 27,1900 assistant keeper Nels Nelson and Frank Reif lost their lives in a small boat during a storm. Their bodies were found over a week later on Vancouver Island.

In 1900 John W Cowan and his wife and seven children arrived at the lighthouse and stayed on for 32 years experiencing many exciting times. The children attended school in Portland while staying with relatives. They spent the summers at home on the island with their parents. Eventually there were enough children on the island to warrant a school.

On February 18, 1911 Cowan saw a vessel struggling in angry seas between Tatoosh Island and Neah Bay. He was able to rescue two navy radio men, but was unable to save three others including his own son Forrest.

There is a story, not verified, that a seventy-mile-per-hour gale hit the island in 1921. It blew Mr. Cowan across the island for about 300 ft while he clung to vegetation before crawling to safety. The family's bull was listed as "lost at sea". Everyone was very surprised and plied him with extra rations when he swam asho

The Cowan family was evidently much beloved . When they left the island after retiring in September of 1932 their fellow islanders were in tears.

Second Assistant Keeper Ole Rasmussen was another casualty while returning to the island in a small boat. Heavy swells capsized his craft and he was struck in the head.

The weather station was closed in 1966. 1977 brought automation of the light station. A modern beacon was installed to replace the tower's Fresnel lens in 1996

The Makah Indian Tribe now controls the decommissioned Cape Flattery Lighthouse and the island.

It is well worth the trip to drive to Neah Bay, get out of the car and hike the o.75 miles to the tip of the cape where you can view Tatoosh Island and the lighthouse. This happens to be the western most point in the continental US.

In Port Angeles you can visit the Museum at 207 South Lincoln Street where you can see the fourth-order Fresnel lens that was used at Cape Flattery. The museum hours are Wednesday through Saturday from 1 to 4 p.m.

Related Articles - lighthouse, Cape Flattery, Strait of Juan de Fuca, neah bay, Indians, Makah Indians, juan de Fuca, ,

Email this Article to a Friend!

Receive Articles like this one direct to your email box!
Subscribe for free today!

 Rate This Article  
Completely useless, should be removed from directory.
Minimal useful information.
Decent and informative.
Great article, very informative and helpful.
A 'Must Read'.

 

Do you Agree or Disagree? Have a Comment? POST IT!

 Reader Opinions 
Submit your comments and they will be posted here.
Make this comment or to the Author only:
Name:
Email:
*Your email will NOT be posted. This is for administrative purposes only.
Comments: *Your Comments WILL be posted to the AUTHOR ONLY if you select PRIVATE and to this PUBLIC PAGE if you select PUBLIC, so write accordingly.
 
Please enter the code in the image:



 Author Login 
LOGIN
Register for Author Account

 

Advertiser Login

 

ADVERTISE HERE NOW!
   Limited Time $60 Offer!
   90  Days-1.5 Million Views  

 

Great Paranormal Romance


STEPHEN BYE

Steve Bye is currently a fiction writer, who published his first novel, ‘Looking Forward Through The...more
LAURA JEEVES

At LeadGenerators, we specialise in content-led Online Marketing Strategies for our clients in the t...more
GENE MYERS

Author of four books and two screenplays; frequent magazine contributor. I have four other books "in...more
STEVERT MCKENZIE

Stevert Mckenzie, Travel Enthusiast. ...more
KIRAN KAUR

Kiranpreet (Kiran) Kaur, D.D.S., who received her Doctor of Dental Surgery degree from the prestigio...more
MICHAEL BRESCIANI

Rev Bresciani is the author of two Christian books. One book is an important and concisely written b...more
STEVE BURGESS

Steve Burgess is a freelance technology writer, a practicing computer forensics specialist as the pr...more
SUSAN FRIESEN

Susan Friesen, founder of the award-winning web development and digital marketing firm eVision Media...more
TIM FAY

I am not a writer nor am I trying to become a writer. I am an average person with average intelligen...more
JOANNA MORGAN

Joanna Morgan has a huge passion for making money online from home and enjoys traveling around the w...more

HomeLinksAbout UsContact UsTerms of UsePrivacy PolicyFAQResources
Copyright © 2019, All rights reserved.
Some pages may contain portions of text relating to certain topics obtained from wikipedia.org under the GNU FDL license