The Indian economy has significantly grown and expanded rapidly over the years. The Indian GDP in 1993 was only 1.2 trillion USD. In 2018, it was recorded to be 10.5 trillion USD. Evidently, the last two or three decades have witnessed major changes. These are prominently visible in the modern infrastructure in urban areas. |
The cement and construction industry is one of the major industries in India. However, it is facing a labour shortage issue in the last few years. Skilled labour, project managers, and civil engineers are short in number compared to the demand. While the use of unskilled labour is falling rapidly, job opportunities are growing for skilled manpower.
The Role Of Technology In Quick Completion Of Projects Construction technologies have evolved greatly in recent years, with more and more innovative technologies coming up. This has resulted in quicker completion of housing and infrastructural projects alike. The efficiency and productivity of construction equipment are rising too.
Major Trends In The Cement And Construction Industry Here are some of the most prominent trends in the industry:
• Bulk Consumption: The average size of construction projects in India has grown significantly. Naturally, this implies that cement usage has increased too, giving rise to bulk consumption. • Customised Solutions: With the growth of bulk cement consumption, several other changes became necessary. The cement is now required to be transported with greater care. Instead of the old process of transportation using bags, cement storage silos are used. • Speciality Cement: With more and more types of projects coming up, the demand for various speciality cement is rising. High strength concrete has become very popular, while the demand for waterproof cement is rising as well.
Rise In The Use Of Automation For Cement Mixing Ready-mix: More and more contractors are opting for modern ready-mix concrete solutions. This, together with the application of sophisticated machinery such as concrete boom pumps boost up the construction speed and increase efficiency.
Electric And Diesel Mixers: Manual labour is constantly getting replaced by automation, such as electric and diesel concrete mixers.
Other Modern Equipment: Every high-rise construction now involves the use of construction cranes and lifts. In construction sites, concrete pumps and conveyor belts are becoming a common sight.
Thus, the use of automation in the cement and construction industry is rising rapidly. It is very important to choose the right equipment.
Precast Technology Is Being Adopted Widely Precast technology offers various advantages in terms of cost, quality, and speed of construction. In fact, building a project using precast technology would take 64% less time compared to that taken to build similar projects using conventional techniques. As a result, an increasing number of developers and contractors are opting for it.
• In the case of farmhouses, precast technology is used widely to build boundary walls.
• Precast cement rings are being used to build cement tanks and storm drains are built using precast cement pipes.
• L&T, an infrastructure development company has built the Hyderabad metro using precast technology exclusively, which resulted in quick completion of the project.
Conclusion The cement and construction segment is growing rapidly, fuelled by the demand for customised solutions, quicker construction, and most importantly, the rising number of construction projects. Increasingly, promoters are going for automation for faster construction and to deal with the problem of rising wages. The industry is evolving too, constantly coming up with sophisticated equipment.
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