Training a dog in obedience can be an ongoing and lengthy process depending on the dog, the methods used, and the skill and understanding of both the trainer and the handler. |
There are many reasons for training dogs beyond the level required for basic companionship.
Basic commands Sit: The dog is in a sitting position. Down: A dog is typically down when its elbows (front feet) and hocks (rear legs) are touching the ground or floor. Heel: The dog's head or shoulder is parallel to the handler's leg on the left side of the handler. Come or Here: (referred to as the recall) "Call your dog" equals "come" or "here". Stay: The dog must remain in the position (sit, down, stand) and location under which the command was given until it is released by the handler. Beg: The dog is taught to literally beg for a given object in a fashion the owner desires (usually whining or standing). Shake: From a sitting position the dog will extend one of its paws and "shake hands" with the one who gave the command.
Advanced commands Stop – a dog that will simply stop whatever it is doing and lie down on command no matter how far it is from its keeper is a dog that can be taken anywhere. Back up – keepers of large dogs or dogs with a reputation for aggressiveness can make strangers more comfortable by teaching the dog to back up on command. Steady – keep near by. The dog can walk free, but not dash off. Train to this command with a long leash, calling out Steady when the leash is taut. Continue off leash. Stand – dog stands still. Train from lying-down position by lifting under belly while repeating command. Useful for grooming. Many dogs are groomed frequently and need to stand quietly during the process. Growl – the inverse of backing up. Some owners teach non-aggressive dogs to growl on a subtle command – not the word growl, usually a small hand gesture – as a way of letting strangers know that you and your dog value being left alone. Go to bed, kennel, or get in: The dog has freedom of movement in that location to stand up, turn around, or lie down, unlike when placed in a Stay. Useful to keep a dog out from underfoot and safe in a busy or complicated situation. Drop or drop it: Dogs pick up all sorts of things, some of which they shouldn't have. A dog that drops anything on command, no matter how attractive (and "attractive" to a dog can be "rotten and smelly" to a human), is a dog under control that the owner can prevent from eating dangerous items or from destroying valued personal property. Leave it: An adjunct to Drop, directing the dog to not touch an item. Also useful before the dog has picked anything up. Leave it is also used in conjunction with Take it. Take it: The dog leaves a desired object, such as a toy or treat, untouched until given this command. This can protect an owner's, visitor's, or child's fingers. Give: The dog has an object in its mouth and "gives" it to its owner by releasing the object into the owner's hand. Object of choice in training is usually a light-weight dumbbell or a glove. Speak: A dog, when taught this command, will bark once(or more) when told to do so. Fetch: A dog will retrieve a thrown object (usually a ball or a stick) and bring it back to the one who threw it. Roll Over: When taught this command a dog will lie down, roll over, and stand back up. Attack: A dog will attack something (or someone) when told to do so. Common commands are either "Attack" or "Sick'em".
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