Animal Farm by George Orwell is a biting satire on the aspect of totalitarianism. It was written in 1945 and according to Orwell reflects the events that led to the initiation of the Russian Revolution in 1917. After the Revolution, it also reflects the events which led to the Stalin era in history. The author was critical of the Stalinist regime in Moscow and also his philosophies which was a result of his experiences with NKVD and the Civil War in Spain. Although, originally, the book was titled Animal Farm: A Fairy Story, the subtitles were dropped by the US publishers in 1946. Eventually, all but one of the publications omitted the subtitles. |
The basic premise of the story is about how totalitarianism works in society. In an animal farm which is run by Farmer Jones, the animals are discontented by how they get to live and work. They decide to set up an uprising to throw off Farmer Jones and they are successful in it. At the beginning of the new scenario, the animals are able to co-exist peacefully and work together. But before long, the pigs which are mentally superior to the other animals start placing suggestions about how things should be run at the farm. Eventually, the pigs are designated as the leaders of the animals at the farm and they become a replica of Farmer Jones. All the other animals are left wondering about the circumstances and the situation at the end.
George Orwell wrote the rough draft for the book during 1943 and 1944 before his experiences in the Spanish Civil War. He surmised that it was due to his experiences and his escape from the communists in the war that he realized how totalitarian philosophy can be used in democratic countries even against enlightened people.
At the time of release of the book, reviews were not entirely positive. In the magazine New Republic George Soule said that the book, “puzzled and saddened me. It seemed on the whole dull. The allegory turned out to be a creaking machine for saying in a clumsy way things that have been said better directly.”
Over the years, people have been able to appreciate the content of the book in a retrospective manner. You can find more about the book and get your own copy by clicking on the link. http://www.bookchums.com/book/animal-farm/9781412811903/Nzcw.html
Anju Batra is a writer based in India. She like to write on Social and cultural subject. She has writer lots of Articles on the subject of Free Ebook Library and Reading Lists.
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