Phenolic acids are fundamentally plant metabolites. They are deliberated to be a type of phytochemical known as polyphenols. Along with stilbenes and flavonoids, they are major polyphenols that naturally occur in plants. Phytophenols are frequently generated by plants to protect themselves against pathogens. Phenolic acids also behave as signaling molecules and play a significant role in plant growth and reproduction. |
They are plant phytonutrients that are produced to serve some important functions. They can be found in fruits, certain beverages, like coffee, tea, and red wine, and vegetables. Plant polyphenols can have advantageous effects on human health. Phenolic compounds, containing it, have been a subject of numerous biological, agricultural and medical studies. There are several categories of phenolic acid, out of which hydroxybenzoic, hydroxycinnamic acids are the most widely distributed. The intake of foods that contain these compounds can have numerous health advantages.
Benefits: Patronage against Free Radicals:
Phenolic compounds have been found to demonstrate strong antioxidant properties in numerous studies. So, these compounds can help safe guard body cells from the damaging effects of free radicals, and in the process minimize the risk of definite diseases, like heart disease and cancer.
Some can have anti-inflammatory properties, for which they may supply relief in inflammatory conditions, like arthritis. Gallic acid, a kind of hydroxybenzoic acid, is known to manage the expression of chemicals, like histamines and cytokines that are amenable for producing an inflammatory or allergic response. So, this can help you control allergic reactions.
Fight Harmful Microorganisms:
Several phenolic compounds, including phenolic acids; have been built to hold antimicrobial properties. Plants create some phenolic compounds to destroy pathogens, and so, it is supposed that they may offer the same advantage to humans as well. For instance, cichoric acid has antiviral properties, while gallic acid has been found to display antifungal and antiviral properties.
Other Benefits: Apart from these, some of it, such as gallic acid, rosmarinic acid, and caffeic acid, can have cosmetic advantages as well. Phenolic acids, like salicylic acid and 4-Hydroxybenzoic acid, have also discovered industrial and medical uses. 4-Hydroxybenzoic acid is used to obtain paraben, a common preservative used in the cosmetic industry. From another point of view, salicylic acid is an important ingredient in products that are used for treating acne, dandruff, psoriasis, and warts. Presently, phenolic acids are being studied for providing synthetic antioxidants, like BHT (Butylated hydroxytoluene) and BHA (Butylated hydroxyanisole) in foods.
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