Sanitation needs to be the cornerstone of a fly management program. The life cycle of a fly requires that the eggs, larvae and pupae live in manure, moist hay, spilled silage, wet grain, or other type of organic material for a 10 to 21 day period. Removing these materials on a weekly basis can help break the life cycle. Spreading that material on fields as thinly as possible to ensure it dries out quickly can break the life cycle. |
House flies get accumulated in areas where there is no cleanliness or hygiene, like exposed garbage or fecal matter. Left out uncovered food also attracts flies. Areas with a lot of vegetation and thick shrubbery are ideal for the growth of flies.
When we talk about flies as house pests, we are referring to only about four kinds of flies which are often found indoors. Those which are attracted to food, garbage, or manure can pose a health hazard because they carry disease organisms, so managing flies in and around the home is important. Since the breeding sites for flies vary with the species, it is important to identify the adult fly in order to find the larval source.
The primary pest control method for most flies is the proper storage and disposal of kitchen wastes, especially in warm weather. The goal here is to keep stored material as dry as possible and to prevent odors from escaping. Keep your kitchen clean and free of food scraps or overripe fruit. Wash dishes as soon after eating as possible, and keep drains fresh with baking soda and vinegar, followed with hot water. Food wastes should be separated from paper, bottles, and cans, and drained to remove as much liquid as possible. If you are composting, use a system that excludes rodents. Remove meat scraps and transfer the remainder to the composter daily. Use a plastic bowl with a snap-on lid as a temporary container.
Control breeding areas
One of the first steps in controlling flies is to eliminate the source. If there is one thing that flies love, it is organic matter. For this reason, sanitation and cleanliness are key components of the fly prevention strategy.
Other pest control options that can be considered for an integrated management approach include:
Use of parasitic wasps Use of sticky tapes, paper and ribbons Feeding a fly larvicide Use of fly baits Insecticides should be included as part of a total fly control strategy. Mist blowers deliver diluted insecticide over an area, killing flies on contact. This method is most effective when combines with other measures to deter flies.Other fly control aids include baits and feed additives. Baits and feed additives may be helpful in controlling house flies, but they do not attract stable flies that prefer to feast on blood. These are most effective when used as a supplement to other control methods.
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