Amazines Free Article Archive - Thursday, May 26, 2022
Read about the most recent changes and happenings at
Log into your account or register as a new author. Start submitting your articles right now!
Search our database for articles.
Subscribe to receive articles emailed straight to your email account. You may choose multiple categories.
View our newest articles submitted by our authors.
View our most top rated articles rated by our visitors.
* Please note that this is NOT the ARTICLE manager
Add a new EZINE, or manage your EZINE submission.
Add fresh, free web content to your site such as newest articles, web tools, and quotes with a single piece of code!
Home What's New? Submit/Manage Articles Latest Posts Top Rated Article Search
Subscriptions Manage Ezines
 Article Archive
 Advertising (133514)
 Advice (161571)
 Affiliate Programs (34788)
 Art and Culture (73835)
 Automotive (145676)
 Blogs (75393)
 Boating (9851)
 Books (17221)
 Buddhism (4129)
 Business (1329938)
 Business News (426412)
 Business Opportunities (366443)
 Camping (10970)
 Career (72776)
 Christianity (15844)
 Collecting (11639)
 Communication (115069)
 Computers (241913)
 Construction (38921)
 Consumer (49947)
 Cooking (17078)
 Copywriting (6730)
 Crafts (18205)
 Cuisine (7547)
 Current Affairs (20307)
 Dating (45901)
 EBooks (19700)
 E-Commerce (48246)
 Education (185373)
 Electronics (83517)
 Email (6439)
 Entertainment (159836)
 Environment (28922)
 Ezine (3040)
 Ezine Publishing (5452)
 Ezine Sites (1550)
 Family & Parenting (110928)
 Fashion & Cosmetics (196538)
 Female Entrepreneurs (11851)
 Feng Shui (132)
 Finance & Investment (310501)
 Fitness (106442)
 Food & Beverages (63005)
 Free Web Resources (7939)
 Gambling (30225)
 Gardening (25192)
 Government (10512)
 Health (629868)
 Hinduism (2206)
 Hobbies (44078)
 Home Business (91593)
 Home Improvement (251123)
 Home Repair (46209)
 Humor (4717)
 Import - Export (5456)
 Insurance (45103)
 Interior Design (29588)
 International Property (3488)
 Internet (191001)
 Internet Marketing (146662)
 Investment (22855)
 Islam (1161)
 Judaism (1352)
 Law (80455)
 Link Popularity (4596)
 Manufacturing (20901)
 Marketing (99269)
 MLM (14140)
 Motivation (18232)
 Music (26996)
 New to the Internet (9496)
 Non-Profit Organizations (4048)
 Online Shopping (129726)
 Organizing (7809)
 Party Ideas (11853)
 Pets (38070)
 Poetry (2229)
 Press Release (12687)
 Public Speaking (5639)
 Publishing (7561)
 Quotes (2407)
 Real Estate (126594)
 Recreation & Leisure (95456)
 Relationships (87647)
 Research (16180)
 Sales (80345)
 Science & Technology (110280)
 Search Engines (23496)
 Self Improvement (153285)
 Seniors (6216)
 Sexuality (35996)
 Small Business (49286)
 Software (83017)
 Spiritual (23466)
 Sports (116146)
 Tax (7659)
 Telecommuting (34072)
 Travel & Tourism (308167)
 UK Property Investment (3122)
 Video Games (13382)
 Web Traffic (11760)
 Website Design (56867)
 Website Promotion (36614)
 World News (1000+)
 Writing (35833)
Author Spotlight

Marble Plus - Sydney & Brisbane's leaders in stone and marble tiles. We honour small and wholesale o...more

Designpluz has steadily matured from a passionate graphics design start-up, into a full service digi...more

Certified Medical coder with 42 certifications,15 years experience in Medical records coding, HIPAA,...more

I'm a Chief Operated Officer from KIMKOO Mattress machinery.The pen is mightier than the I ...more

img border="0" height="22" src="

School Choice: Do the Claims Stand Up to Research? by Roger Lewis Fischel

School Choice: Do the Claims Stand Up to Research? by
Article Posted: 01/01/2018
Article Views: 2474
Articles Written: 25
Word Count: 773
Article Votes: 1
AddThis Social Bookmark Button

School Choice: Do the Claims Stand Up to Research?

Education,Government,Current Affairs
The idea that parents should have the right to remove their children from low-performing schools and enroll them in high-performing schools is the brainchild of Milton Friedman, a Nobel Laureate in economics. Friedman's idea is quite simple. If there was real competition for students by schools, quality would improve. It is this way in business. Why not in schools as well. The argument rests on two factors. 1) The definition of school performance and the measurement used to determine performance. 2) That competition is, indeed, a factor in school performance. On both these counts, the school choice zealots seem to get it wrong.

School Choice: Performance and Measurement

School choice advocates are closely tied to the standards movement in the United States. Both define performance as the outcome of standardized achievement testing. One reporting standard of the achievement test is Grade Level Equivalency (GLE).

GLE appears to be a measure of student growth. In fact, it is nothing more than a measure of the mean score. Because the achievement test most closely correlates to IQ testing, the mean score is expected to remain flat over time for an individual student. What this means is that GLE is a function of the mean and should remain flat over time as well. The cleverness of the GLE reporting format is that it suggests a false sense of achievement. Say your child in third-grade has a GLE in reading of 6.3. This does not mean that s/he reads at the level of a sixth grader. Rather is means that your child is about one standard deviation above the mean on this particular test.

Flawed Measurements

If the standard achievement test does not measure achievement, and if the test reporting is designed to deceive, it follows that the test is of little value for determining student performance. But the school choice zealot defines student performance as the result of a single annual achievement test. In one long-term study, the authors found that the standard achievement tests were not the best measure of student performance. To the contrary, when they applied multiple layers of learning and impact on both school and student, they found that more than half the schools classified as low-performing were, in fact, doing quite well. They also found that an equivalent number of high-performing schools were, through impact measurements, low-performing. It seems clear that using a single measurement for determining school performance is flawed.

Findings suggest that when using the achievement test as the sole measure of success, that success is closely correlated to race and income class. When using measures of learning impact, the socioeconomic factors simply fade away. Another reason that single testing is flawed.

School Choice: What about Competition?

The idea that when schools compete for students, the quality of the product delivery also improves. Perhaps as an idea for business, this makes sense. For delivery of public services, however, it seems not so much. In a longitudinal study comparing private to public schools on the basis of performance, that competition provided no measurable impact on performance. What did make a significant difference, at least for the public schools, was public funding of schools. The higher the funding, the smaller the class size. The smaller the class size, the greater the performance. It follows that competition is not the factor that influences performance. It is the willingness or ability of a community to fund their public schools.

Funding was closely tied to community income and to racial and ethnic minority communities. The wealthier a community, the better the school performance. Communities consisting of largely minority and poor people performed less well.

School Choice: Conclusion

To continue the use of performance and competition arguments to justify the privatization of the American public school is, frankly, dishonest and misleading. Yet, here we are being bullied by a relatively small group to mark social and economic differences as a means of protecting the majority from imagined fears. It is unAmerican to advocate for such a position.


Dr. Roger Passman earned his degree in language and literacy from National-Lewis University. He began his career as a middle-school teacher in Chicago. After graduate school, he accepted a position of assistant professor at Texas Tech University in Lubbock, Texas. He ultimately retired as an associate professor at Northeastern Illinois University. He co-authored a book, Teaching Writing in the Inclusive Classroom, authored a number of papers published in scholarly journals, and presented the results of his research at academic conferences internationally. His interests included structural language, teaching and learning, and public policy. He is the founder and principal author at Progressive Education Now blog.

Related Articles - school choice, competition, performance, testing, racism,

Email this Article to a Friend!

Receive Articles like this one direct to your email box!
Subscribe for free today!

 Rate This Article  
Completely useless, should be removed from directory.
Minimal useful information.
Decent and informative.
Great article, very informative and helpful.
A 'Must Read'.


Do you Agree or Disagree? Have a Comment? POST IT!

 Reader Opinions 
Submit your comments and they will be posted here.
Make this comment or to the Author only:
*Your email will NOT be posted. This is for administrative purposes only.
Comments: *Your Comments WILL be posted to the AUTHOR ONLY if you select PRIVATE and to this PUBLIC PAGE if you select PUBLIC, so write accordingly.
Please enter the code in the image:

 Author Login 
Register for Author Account


Advertiser Login


   Limited Time $60 Offer!
   90  Days-1.5 Million Views  


Great Paranormal Romance


At LeadGenerators, we specialise in content-led Online Marketing Strategies for our clients in the t...more

Steve Bye is currently a fiction writer, who published his first novel, ‘Looking Forward Through The...more

Stevert Mckenzie, Travel Enthusiast. ...more

A postgraduate in Fashion Technology. Shalini is a writer at heart! Writing for her is an expression...more

Author of four books and two screenplays; frequent magazine contributor. I have four other books "in...more

I am the editor of QUAY Magazine, a B2B publication based in the South West of the UK. I am also the...more

Hello, my name is Nevio Gardasanic. If you want to go beyond being just a perpetual beginner at thin...more

Sanjib Kumar Das is an Indian business enthusiast and entrepreneur who is motivated to help small an...more

Akshay Chopra is an experienced certified personal trainer and the founder of WERSTUID. An organizat...more

I am not a writer nor am I trying to become a writer. I am an average person with average intelligen...more

HomeLinksAbout UsContact UsTerms of UsePrivacy PolicyFAQResources
Copyright © 2022, All rights reserved.
Some pages may contain portions of text relating to certain topics obtained from under the GNU FDL license