Diabetic nephropathy is a progressive disease of the kidneys that occurs in people with diabetes. It affects both types of diabetics, those with type 1 diabetes as well as type 2 diabetes. The risk of developing diabetic nephropathy increases with the duration of diabetes and other risk factors like high blood pressure and a family history of kidney disease.
According to the nephrologists in Gurgaon and Delhi NCR, diabetes is a major role player in kidney disease, with almost 40% of all kidney failure caused by diabetes. Diabetes is the most common cause of ESRD or End Stage Renal Disease. There is no cure for diabetic nephropathy, but it progresses slowly. Experts from one of the best kidney hospital in Delhi comment that with early proper treatment, the progression can be slowed down or even halted. Note that having diabetes does not mean that you’ll eventually have diabetic nephropathy, but there’s always a risk.
Early stages of kidney damage, unfortunately do not cause any noticeable symptoms. Patients do not experience any symptoms until they reach the later stages of chronic kidney disease. Symptoms of ESRD include:
• General overall unwell feeling
• Loss of appetite
• Itchy and dry skin
• Nausea or vomiting
• Swelling of your arms and legs
The kidney is made up of around a million nephrons. Diabetes causes these nephrons to thicken and causes scarring in them. This in turn makes them unable to filter waste properly and remove fluid from your body. This causes the kidneys to leak a type of protein known as albumin in the urine. The amount of albumin in the kidney can be measured using a test known as microalbuminuria urine test to diagnose diabetic nephropathy and its progression.
Treatment and Management
As mentioned above, diabetic nephropathy cannot be cured, even by the best kidney hospitals in India. Treatments can be done, however, to delay or halt the progression of the disease. Keeping blood sugar levels under control, as well as blood pressure in the normal range are the best form of treatment. These can be achieved through medications and lifestyle changes. If the disease has advanced to ESRD, more invasive treatments will be needed.
Availability of Treatment
There are hospitals in Gurgaon and Delhi NCR which have the leading kidney specialists in Gurgaon and Delhi NCR to help manage diabetic nephropathy. The hospitals are super-specialty hospitals with advanced facilities and multiple departments related to different fields of medicine.
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