If you can extract energy from sea water, what is more easily transported by pipeline, oil or sea water?
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The “Water Machine” has been a dream. Now this dream may be a reality. The dream comes true. The water machine, practically the water engine, can be made. The engine not works actually with water, but it process the hydrogen extract from water. If the extracted hydrogen is stocked in a comb-cylinder, the vehicle is a hydrogen machine, but it’s not a water machine. The vehicle, become a water machine only if its engine works with the hydrogen extracted directly from water. In this case, the machine (the vehicle), stock the water. Process the hydrogen directly from water, it was a failure. Maybe the electrolysis is not efficiency, or it wasn’t process correctly. Today, one can try something new. The vapor water must be radiated with ultraviolet radiations, and one obtains the hydrogen. We must try all ultraviolet frequencies, and for every frequency one try different (more) intensities of radiation.
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1-Bi-polar auto electrolytic hydrogen generator United States Patent 5089107
An autoelectrolytic hydrogen generator system constituted by one or a plurality of similar cells wherein a galvanic arrangement of magnesium and aluminum plates of sacrificial elements as anode; stainless steel as cathode and sea water as electrolyte, by its very nature is made to develop a voltage when connected in short circuit causing a current to flow within the system and hydrogen production of hydrogen in situ and on demand by the electrolytic action at one pole, the cathode, and additional hydrogen by the electrochemical reaction at the other pole, the anode. Surplus electric energy of the system applied to a optional electrolyzer will also be made to produce additional hydrogen at its two sacrificial aluminum electrodes.
2-Running a Gasoline Engine on Hydrogen Using Water by Drunvalo
President Bush has made a challenge to the American people to begin running our cars on hydrogen as soon as possible, and has allocated over one billion dollars for research to find out how to do that.
In a suburb of Toronto, Canada, a small company called Rothman Technologies, Inc., has in fact discovered not one but two viable methods for breaking down ordinary water into hydrogen and oxygen. Neither method involves the need to spend a billion dollars. They are simple answers. The existing engines in our automobiles could work with these systems with very little alteration and no need for an external support infrastructure like the one now provided by gas stations, and which would be required by fuel-cell technology.
To understand how these water-fuel systems work, it helps to begin by realizing that ordinary water is actually a "battery" containing vast amounts of energy. Water is H2O — two parts hydrogen combined with one part oxygen. And, as President Bush says, hydrogen is an excellent fuel.
The amount of energy in the water molecule is thus vast, and has absolutely nothing to do with the amount of energy it takes to break down that molecule. This is an extremely important point, as so many people — even scientists — are unclear on this concept. And yet if we can find an economical means to break down the water molecule, our energy problems are over.
Instant Hydrogen Gas
The first process shown to us by Rothman Technologies uses water, salt, and an extremely inexpensive metal alloy. The gas that results from this process is pure hydrogen, a fuel that burns without the need for external oxygen — and gives off no pollution whatsoever.
The primary owner of Rothman Technologies is a man who holds about fifty Patents Pending on a variety of mechanical devices, chemical compounds, novelties, and fuels. But it is his invention for using a metal alloy to break down the water molecule that is of interest to us here.
In behalf of Spirit of Ma'at, I visited Rothman Technologies last February (2003) in order to witness first-hand what several people had told us was true: This company was running a 12-horsepower, gasoline-powered electrical generator using water as "fuel." The generator was a gasoline combustion engine exactly like the one in your car.
They admitted that the system was crude and would have to be improved. Nonetheless, they could and actually did show us a gasoline engine running on water (click on pictures for larger versions).
This engine was mounted on a lab bench in a garage area, with the door open for ventilation. On the floor were thirteen half-gallon containers linked together with tubes, all connected to a central, larger tube that ran directly to the carburetor of the motor.
In the containers was ordinary water plus an electrolyte (i.e., some type of salt).
When a piece of metal alloy was dropped into the electrolyte mixture, hydrogen instantly began to form at an amazing rate. The hydrogen gas traveled to a main tube, and from there straight to the carburetor.
A company representative pulled a rope to start the motor, and after a couple of tries, the motor caught and continued running. We watched the motor run for twenty minutes or so (it was really cold, with the doors open in the Toronto January winter, so we decided that twenty minutes was enough "proof of concept"). This engine, using water and salt as the primary fuel, and metal alloy as a catalyst, was definitely running!
According to the company's representative, this metal alloy is so inexpensive that an engine can run for four hours on a piece that would cost about half a cent (Canadian).
It is also noteworthy that, according to the man we spoke with, seawater could be used directly as the primary fuel, thus eliminating the need for added salt.
I was there with Michael Ballin, who works with Rolling Arts TV, a television channel in Los Angeles that supports the Antique, Hot Rod, and Racing Car industry and sees automobiles as an art form. So the video footage that you will be able to watch (see link at the end of this article) was shot by Michael for his company.
Another Amazing Breakthrough
Rothman Technologies, Inc., also has another method of converting water to fuel. It's called electrolysis. This method breaks water down into Brown's gas, which also is a perfect fuel for gasoline engines, and, with one exceptional change, it is similar to the method we featured in this webzine last year (see The Water Car, and Convert Your Car to Run on Water, plus my December 2002 update to both of these articles, Water Karma).
Why is Brown's gas a better fuel than pure hydrogen? Here is our opinion.
The environment is experiencing tremendous problems at the moment, and one of the most serious of these is that we are losing our oxygen. The oxygen content of the air is becoming so low that it threatens our very existence in some areas. The normal oxygen content of our air is 21 percent. But in some places it is only a fraction of that! In Tokyo, Japan, for example, the oxygen content of the air has dipped to 6 or 7 percent. If it reaches 5 percent, people will begin to die. Tokyo has even put oxygen disbursement centers on its street corners, so that people can get emergency oxygen if they need it.
Eventually, if something is not done, this low-oxygen situation will affect each and every one of us.
Brown's gas, created through an electrolytic process, actually may contribute oxygen to the air supply, rather than leaving it the same (as with fuel cells and pure hydrogen), or consuming it (as with fossil fuels). It is for this reason that we feel it will be the future technology of choice for running our vehicles.
Comparing the Technologies
To be complete, before we explain Rothman Technologies' innovation in creating Brown's gas from water, let's look at all three types of hydrogen-fuel solutions — fuel cells, pure hydrogen, and Brown's gas — and see how they work relative to oxygen production or consumption:
Fuel Cells: This method uses oxygen from the atmosphere to complete the burning of the hydrogen in the fuel cell. What comes out of the tail pipe is oxygen and water vapor, but the oxygen originally came from the atmosphere, not from the fuel. And so the use of fuel cells neither takes away nor contributes to the oxygen content of the air.
Hydrogen: This fuel is complete in itself. It does not need oxygen from the atmosphere to burn, which is an improvement over fossil fuels in saving the oxygen in our air supply. In fact, when hydrogen burns perfectly, nothing at all comes out of the tail pipe. If salt and metal alloy are used to create hydrogen, then there will be residues of that in the exhaust, but hydrogen fuel does not contribute oxygen to the atmosphere.
Brown's gas: This is the most perfect fuel of all for running our vehicles. Like pure hydrogen, it is made from water, i.e., hydrogen and oxygen, but it burns in the combustion engine so that, depending on the setup, it may actually release oxygen into the atmosphere. In that case, what comes out of the tail pipe is oxygen and water vapor, just as with fuel cells; but the oxygen comes from the water that's being used to create the Brown's gas fuel. So burning Brown's gas as fuel can add oxygen to the air and thus increase the oxygen content of our atmosphere.
Whenever we are burning Brown's gas in our vehicles, we can be at the same time contributing to the solution of a very dangerous environmental problem.
From this point of view, Brown's gas would be the ideal automotive fuel of the future.
A New Brown's Gas Technology
The main problem with most of the Brown's gas systems we have seen so far is that, although they work, they do not seem to generate enough hydrogen to supply a piston engine under normal road conditions. Rothman's exceptional change has to do with the use of a special electrolysis technology.
In normal electrolytic processes, the electrolysis unit is just sitting in water, and it produces a specific amount of Brown's gas.
But the Rothman Technologies invention involves an electrolysis unit that increases the Brown's gas production by an order of magnitude. (For the scientists among our audience, you read that correctly: The Rothman Technologies system literally creates ten times more Brown's gas than normal electrolysis systems do.)
The company found that in the type of specialized electrolysis they have invented, the Brown's gas and the water are mixed together. A milky-white substances comes out the end of the Rothman electrolysis device and goes from there into a unit that separates the Brown's gas from the water. The Brown's gas travels to the motor to run the engine, and the water is then recycled back to the electrolysis device to be re-used.
This invention, on which Rothman Technologies, Inc., has a Patent Pending, is possibly the most important discovery that's ever been made in electrolysis technology. Increasing the output of electrolysis by ten times finally gives sufficient breakdown of the water to Brown's gas to actually run a normal car engine, and would seem to make electrolysis systems the method of choice for the future.
In order to speed up the process for demonstration purposes, a salt other than sodium chloride was used, but in practice normal table-salt added to water, or sea water, would probably be the cheapest alternatives. In any case, the type of electrolyte used is not important to the overall "proof of concept" that water can be broken down to run a combustion engine.
BLACKLIGHT POWER, Inc. (BLP) of Cranbury, New Jersey, is developing a revolutionary technology based on novel hydrogen chemistry. More explicitly, energy is catalytically released as the electrons of atomic hydrogen are induced to undergo transitions to lower energy levels corresponding to fractional quantum numbers with the production of plasma, light, and novel hydrogen compounds. The Company uses a chemically generated or assisted plasma to form atomic hydrogen and a catalyst which react through a nonradiative energy transfer to form lower-energy hydrogen atoms called hydrinos. Since hydrinos have energy levels much lower than uncatalyzed hydrogen atoms, the energy release is intermediate between chemical and nuclear energies. The net enthalpy released may be over 100 times that of combustion. Thus, the catalysis of atomic hydrogen represents a new source of energy with the source of hydrogen fuel obtained by diverting a fraction of the output energy of the process to split water into its elemental constituents. Moreover, rather than air pollutants or radioactive waste, novel hydride compounds with potential commercial applications are the products. Since the power is in the form of a plasma, direct high-efficiency, low-cost energy conversion may be possible, thus, avoiding a heat engine such as a turbine or a reformer-fuel-cell system. Significantly lower capital costs and lower commercial operating costs than that of any known competing energy source are anticipated. History Beginning in 1986, Dr. Randell L. Mills developed the theory on which the BlackLight Process is based. In 1989, the original patent applications were filed and the conclusions of the theoretical work were published. Dr. Mills believes that he has succeeded with the unification of gravity with atomic physics. In 1991, Dr. Mills founded HydroCatalysis Power Corp. to pursue the development and ultimate commercialization of a new form of energy - the HydroCatalysis Process. In the fall of 1996, the Company's name was changed from HydroCatalysis Power Corp. to BlackLight Power, Inc. to reflect the ultraviolet light emission produced by catalysis in the renamed BlackLight Process. In 1999 the Company moved to its present location, a 53,000 square-foot research facility, in Cranbury, NJ, and has since expanded its employee base to 25 people. The BlackLight Process Based on physical laws of nature, Dr. Mills' theory predicts that additional lower energy states are possible for the hydrogen atom, but are not normally achieved. They are not normally achieved because transitions to these states are not directly associated with the emission of radiation, thus the ordinary hydrogen atom, as well as lower energy hydrogen atoms (termed hydrinos), are stable in isolation. Mills' theory further predicts that hydrogen atoms can achieve these states by a radiation-less energy transfer with a nearby atom, ion, or combination of ions (a catalyst) having the capability to absorb the energy required to effect the transition. (Radiation-less energy transfer is common. For example, it is the basis of the performance of the most common phosphor used in fluorescent lighting.) Thus, the Company believes hydrogen atoms can be induced to jump to a lower energy state, with release of the net energy difference between states. Successive stages of collapse of the hydrogen atom are predicted, resulting in the release of energy in amounts many times greater than the energy released by the combustion of hydrogen. Since the combustion energy is equivalent to the energy required to liberate hydrogen from water, a process, which takes water as a feed material and produces net energy, is possible. The equivalent energy content of water would thus be several hundred to several thousand times that of crude oil, depending on the average number of stages of collapse.
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