A biometric device is a security description and an authentication device. Such tools use electronic methods of checking or recognising the identity of a living person based on a physiological or behavioural characteristic. These characteristics involve fingerprints, facial images, and iris and voice recognition. |
Importance of Biometric Devices in India
Biometric devices have been utilised by man over a long period. The Non-automated biometric devices have utilised us since 500 BC. As it was seen that Babylonian business activities were listed on clay tablets that included fingerprints. Automation in Biometric devices was first observed in the 1960s. FBI in the 1960s founded the Indentimat, which commenced reviewing for fingerprints to maintain criminal records. The primary systems included the shape of the hand and the length of the fingers. Although ceased in the 1980s, the method set a precedent for future Biometric Devices.
Characteristics of Biometric Devices
The characteristic of the human body is used to obtain information from the users. According to these characteristics, the sub-divided groups are:
• Chemical biometric devices: Analyses the segments of the DNA to grant way to the users. • Visual biometric devices: Reviews the visual features of the humans to grant way which combines iris recognition, face recognition, Finger recognition and Retina Recognition. • Behavioural biometric methods: Reviews the Walking Ability and Signatures (velocity of the sign, width of sign, the pressure of sign) definite to every human. • Olfactory biometric devices: Analyses the odour to differentiate between varied users.
Where do Government Divisions Need Biometric Devices?
Here are some spheres where Government divisions may need Biometric Devices:-
• Biometric Devices are being increasingly utilised for identification and verification of the individuals in different kinds of online applications, for instance, UIDAI (Aadhaar) Enrolment, E-Passport purpose, RSBY (Rashtriya Swasthya Bima Yojna) Registration, utilising for Driving License etc.
• Though, the manufacturers of the biometric devices require conforming to certain requirements for obtaining STQC certification from the Government Tender only. Read More about Government Tender for Biometric Devices.
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