Amazines Free Article Archive
www.amazines.com - Thursday, October 22, 2020
Read about the most recent changes and happenings at Amazines.com
Log into your account or register as a new author. Start submitting your articles right now!
Search our database for articles.
Subscribe to receive articles emailed straight to your email account. You may choose multiple categories.
View our newest articles submitted by our authors.
View our most top rated articles rated by our visitors.
* Please note that this is NOT the ARTICLE manager
Add a new EZINE, or manage your EZINE submission.
Add fresh, free web content to your site such as newest articles, web tools, and quotes with a single piece of code!
Home What's New? Submit/Manage Articles Latest Posts Top Rated Article Search
Google
Subscriptions Manage Ezines
CATEGORIES
 Article Archive
 Advertising (133418)
 Advice (161141)
 Affiliate Programs (34751)
 Art and Culture (73737)
 Automotive (145653)
 Blogs (75199)
 Boating (9843)
 Books (17221)
 Buddhism (4128)
 Business (1328951)
 Business News (426365)
 Business Opportunities (366330)
 Camping (10967)
 Career (72752)
 Christianity (15847)
 Collecting (11638)
 Communication (115068)
 Computers (241945)
 Construction (38923)
 Consumer (49684)
 Cooking (17066)
 Copywriting (6636)
 Crafts (18205)
 Cuisine (7543)
 Current Affairs (20417)
 Dating (45881)
 EBooks (19691)
 E-Commerce (48223)
 Education (185288)
 Electronics (83503)
 Email (6407)
 Entertainment (159838)
 Environment (28929)
 Ezine (3039)
 Ezine Publishing (5449)
 Ezine Sites (1550)
 Family & Parenting (110922)
 Fashion & Cosmetics (196423)
 Female Entrepreneurs (11845)
 Feng Shui (131)
 Finance & Investment (310447)
 Fitness (106330)
 Food & Beverages (62911)
 Free Web Resources (7939)
 Gambling (30221)
 Gardening (25144)
 Government (10530)
 Health (629686)
 Hinduism (2206)
 Hobbies (44054)
 Home Business (91574)
 Home Improvement (251119)
 Home Repair (46168)
 Humor (4834)
 Import - Export (5453)
 Insurance (45105)
 Interior Design (29581)
 International Property (3485)
 Internet (191001)
 Internet Marketing (146452)
 Investment (22837)
 Islam (1167)
 Judaism (1356)
 Law (80474)
 Link Popularity (4595)
 Manufacturing (20853)
 Marketing (98965)
 MLM (14136)
 Motivation (18218)
 Music (27011)
 New to the Internet (9495)
 Non-Profit Organizations (4048)
 Online Shopping (129629)
 Organizing (7803)
 Party Ideas (11852)
 Pets (38068)
 Poetry (2234)
 Press Release (12682)
 Public Speaking (5635)
 Publishing (7526)
 Quotes (2407)
 Real Estate (126635)
 Recreation & Leisure (95386)
 Relationships (87666)
 Research (16165)
 Sales (80334)
 Science & Technology (110255)
 Search Engines (23486)
 Self Improvement (153216)
 Seniors (6235)
 Sexuality (35947)
 Small Business (49293)
 Software (83012)
 Spiritual (23474)
 Sports (116093)
 Tax (7659)
 Telecommuting (34066)
 Travel & Tourism (307829)
 UK Property Investment (3121)
 Video Games (13428)
 Web Traffic (11739)
 Website Design (56837)
 Website Promotion (36586)
 World News (1000+)
 Writing (35788)
Author Spotlight
SETH ATKINS

A social media marketer from London ...more
ELLISEN WANG

I'm Ellisen, nice to meet you! Obviously you're here because you want to know who I am. Wel...more
HELEN STEPHENS

I love to research products and write reviews only high-quality useful products. ...more
JASON STEVE

Writing is my passion, Social media marketing is my love. I have written many articles on various ni...more
ANISH SAH

My Name is Anish Sah, I am an Internet Marketing and SEO Expert, Social Media Guru and young Entrepr...more


Valve industry abroad the status quo by e55he swrzsnb





Article Author Biography
Valve industry abroad the status quo by
Article Posted: 08/09/2011
Article Views: 53
Articles Written: 2033
Word Count: 1325
Article Votes: 0
AddThis Social Bookmark Button

Valve industry abroad the status quo


 
Business,Business News,Business Opportunities
Valve is the industrial and national economic departments indispensable fluid control did not prepare. The industrial development and needs, promoting the valve industry. In recent years, to meet the new requirements in all aspects of high parameters at the same time, the valve structure, materials and production processes, etc. on how to achieve better performance, reliability and lower costs, also pay close attention to.



Valve industry conditions abroad



With the foreign modern rapid development of big industry, valve industry, the development of production is also very fast. People in about 50 years ago, a number of countries to form an independent system of valves and industry professionals, with the valve industry valve professional organizations or academic organization. For example: Europe, the United States and Britain, there is the valve industry associations; Japan Valve Industry Research Council and the valves; move Europe and the former Soviet Union valve. The design of research institutes. The valve industry and professional organizations, are designed to improve the production technology and the needs of foreign competition, formed up. Several major industrial valve industry in developed countries is currently constituted as follows.



The valve industry, the number of workers (in 1990 as an example) the United States, 77500 employees, of which 70% of workers, technology and management personnel accounted for 30%; United Kingdom 80000 people; Germany 52500; the Japan 35,000; Italy l5000 people; France 11519 people.



The total number of U.S. valve manufacturing company 900, the largest number of 3,500 enterprises; Japan 1507, the largest number of 900 enterprises; German 450, the largest number of 3300 business people; English 490, the largest number of 1,100 enterprises; France 400, the largest Number 1000; can be seen that the valve the largest number of manufacturing enterprises in Japan, the largest number of workers the United States. Valve industry workers in Japan is only half of the United States, while the total number of enterprises nearly twice as high. Compared with the United States, Japan, the valve industry, small and medium-dominated, there are about 250 large enterprises. Access to 80 years, States have the valve industry, the small number of workers with the degree of decrease, while reductions of the most people in France, 21,000 from the 80's was reduced to 80 at the end (1988) 1l519 of people.



Valve output (in 1990 as an example) United States 10.74 billion U.S. dollars Germany 7.958 billion German marks Japan ¥ 484,143,000,000 Fatou about 6.1 billion francs (1987) United Kingdom 6.Ol billion pounds (1986) 2.4 Valve international trade International Valve trade market is very active in recent years, competition is quite fierce. Is strong in Germany and the U.S.. Germany is the world's largest exporter of valves. Italian people in 1985 volume of trade than the United States Lee valves, ranking second. In 1987 on the valve industry in the developed countries the proportion of the total import and export volume were: Germany 22.2, Italy, l6.5%, U.S. 10.9%, Japan l0.7%, France 9.7%. 1985 import and export trade, the world's top eight ranked the valve is as follows: 2739.8 million German Mark German, Italian people benefit 2l27.5 millions German Mark, U.S. 1833.I one million German marks, Japan, 1683.5 million deutsche mark, France, 1545.7 one million German marks, British l376.7 one million German marks.



Technical level of foreign trade valve



Sets the level of 20 years, as foreign large-scale package technology development, there has been a series of new sets of equipment and single. And valves related to the development of new complete sets of equipment is characterized by large-scale, high-parametric, high-performance automation and complete sets of technology. Refinery equipment: the largest oil refinery 36.4 million t / year (the Caribbean, Virgin Islands), 30 million t / year (Venezuela). Currently 20 million t / year oil refinery in more than nearly 30. The largest oil refinery processing unit capacities: Crude Oil Unit 24 million t / year, FCCU 8.24 million t / year, 5.69 million Reformer t / year, hydrocracking unit 3.2 million t / year. Oil, gas long-distance pipeline equipment: In recent years, rapid development of long-distance pipeline. Mainly as a low-cost rail transport is only about 1 / 3; second is buried in the ground, not easy to damage; three pipeline construction is a fast, low investment. The longest oil pipeline 4830Km (Iran) and 4665 Km (the former Soviet Union, friendship line). Maximum transmission oil pipelines 4578km (the United States, Houston to New York). The longest gas pipeline 7680 km (from Alaska through Canada to the western United States). Maximum pipe diameter of 1620 and proposed 2500. The maximum pressure transmission pipeline 9 ~ 12MPa. Ammonia Equipment: Maximum 540,000 t / year and 500,000 t / year. Ethylene equipment: maximum capacity of 500,000 t / year to 800,000 t / year. Maximum capacity of the units power generation equipment: dual-axis thermal power unit l30 million kW (United States, Switzerland-made), uniaxial thermal power 1.2 million kw (former Soviet Union), the largest nuclear power plant 1.3 million kW (Germany), with these complete sets of equipment supporting the largest valve path with the highest pressure: the largest flat valve diameter 1620mm, 2000 and 3050 roll (USA, Japan);'s largest butterfly diameter 9750mm (United Kingdom Bowen designs, Switzerland made); the largest ball diameter 3050mm, is not Drive the weight of 184t (Swiss-made, the United States Tano state): Max Water valve diameter 2750mm, 9 MPa (Japan). Equipment, large-scale economic effect: To sum up, first, improve production efficiency, and reducing infrastructure investment, three is to reduce the raw materials of consumption. With annual handling capacity of 5 million t of oil refining equipment and compared to 1 million t per t decrease in investment in production capacity by 50%. A 6 million t / year refinery and two 3 million t / year oil refinery comparison, the investment is only about 69% of the latter, steel consumption is 53%, covers an area of 54%, production cost is 75%, The labor productivity has increased to l 70%. An annual output of 200,000 t of synthetic ammonia equipment, power consumption per ton of product to 1450kW. h, the new annual output of 460,000 t devices, power consumption per tonne of product decreased to 50 kw / h. Is only equivalent to 200,000 t-class equipment, the power consumption of 1 / 290,000 kW generating units, compared with 200,000 units, equipment, unit power cost decreased by 10% to 20%, power station construction costs, unit power, steel consumption and production reduce their working hours by 20%.



Complete sets of equipment, level of automation, foreign petrochemicals. Company mainly produces the process of direct digital control has been achieved, and some have also achieved a computer hierarchical control. Ethylene ammonia, urea, synthetic fiber, synthetic rubber and synthetic plastics, and other chemical companies to achieve the universal circuit detection, alarm, and some closed-loop control to achieve optimal control and local. 200,000 kW or more large generating units in general, to the development of computer control. General use computer-controlled nuclear power plant. Long-distance pipeline system in many countries to use computer-controlled and equipped with microwave communication systems, the total only 2 --- 3 control room officers on duty. Through the TV monitor across the board work. These complete sets of equipment control method also requires a corresponding valve. So, the past 20 years, foreign valve control method also has great development. Apart from the general manual, mechanical, electric, pneumatic, hydraulic transmission, the electro-hydraulic connections, gas-liquid companies, the growing variety of automatic control valves, and a further development of the trend.



Series of species level with the various types of complete sets of equipment, process and performance improvement, foreign valve series varieties is increasing in recent years, there have been many new varieties of valves.

I am an expert from China Manufacturers, usually analyzes all kind of industries situation, such as best ladies golf shoes , european two pin plug.

Related Articles - best ladies golf shoes, european two pin plug,

Email this Article to a Friend!

Receive Articles like this one direct to your email box!
Subscribe for free today!

 Rate This Article  
Completely useless, should be removed from directory.
Minimal useful information.
Decent and informative.
Great article, very informative and helpful.
A 'Must Read'.

 

Do you Agree or Disagree? Have a Comment? POST IT!

 Reader Opinions 
Submit your comments and they will be posted here.
Make this comment or to the Author only:
Name:
Email:
*Your email will NOT be posted. This is for administrative purposes only.
Comments: *Your Comments WILL be posted to the AUTHOR ONLY if you select PRIVATE and to this PUBLIC PAGE if you select PUBLIC, so write accordingly.
 
Please enter the code in the image:



 Author Login 
LOGIN
Register for Author Account

 

Advertiser Login

 

ADVERTISE HERE NOW!
   Limited Time $60 Offer!
   90  Days-1.5 Million Views  

 

Great Paranormal Romance


STEPHEN BYE

Steve Bye is currently a fiction writer, who published his first novel, ‘Looking Forward Through The...more
DAMIAN POWELL

Demonstrated exceptional leadership in the government and private sector at an executive level. Skil...more
TIM FAY

I am not a writer nor am I trying to become a writer. I am an average person with average intelligen...more
LAURA JEEVES

At LeadGenerators, we specialise in content-led Online Marketing Strategies for our clients in the t...more
ADRIAN JOELE

I have been involved in nutrition and weight management for over 12 years and I like to share my kn...more
STEVERT MCKENZIE

Stevert Mckenzie, Travel Enthusiast. ...more
JASON NG

Jason Ng has a huge passion for the health and fitness industry as he strongly believes that having ...more
SUSAN FRIESEN

Susan Friesen, founder of the award-winning web development and digital marketing firm eVision Media...more
GENE MYERS

Author of four books and two screenplays; frequent magazine contributor. I have four other books "in...more
MICHAEL BRESCIANI

Rev Bresciani is the author of two Christian books. One book is an important and concisely written b...more

HomeLinksAbout UsContact UsTerms of UsePrivacy PolicyFAQResources
Copyright © 2020, All rights reserved.
Some pages may contain portions of text relating to certain topics obtained from wikipedia.org under the GNU FDL license