Do you want to know more about wine? You probably already know that it is a liquid produced by grapes known as the Vitis Vinifera. There are over one thousand grape varieties, as recently listed in the new book “Wine Grapes” by wine expert Jancis Robinson. The group name given to the ones involved in a wine-making are noble grapes. Of these, the most common kind involved in white wine are: Sauvignon Blanc, Riesling Chardonnay and Pinot Grigio. In terms of red wine, the most common are Syrah – which goes into making Shiraz – Merlot, Cabernet Sauvignon, Grenache and Pinot Noir. |
While you can buy wine made from nearly anywhere in the world, there are definitely certain countries that are more renowned for their wine-producing regions. Theses are divided into the traditional countries (old world wine) and those that have starting producing wine much more recently (new world wine).
Old World Wine
There are many countries that are involved in old world wine and this list is by no means exhaustive but includes: France, Germany, Italy, Spain, Austria, Hungary, Greece, England and Romania.
France is undoubtedly the biggest wine-producing country and has many regions famed for their manufacture. If you’ve ever wondered were your Chablis comes from the bottle will most likely tell you that it was produced in Burgundy. Bordeaux is another highly famed wine region in France. Here the red grapes yield a wine referred to as Claret. If you enjoy Sancerre than chances are it will have been made in the Loire valley. And let’s not forget that the Alsace region bordering Germany produces many other popular wines.
Some other famous old world wine regions include Chianti in Italy and Rioja in Spain.
New World Wine
Australia is fast-growing in popularity for their wine output. Some of their best known wine regions are the Hunter Valley in New South Wales (which is where Semillon comes from) and Margaret River in Western Australia. You can also get a very fine quality Shiraz as produced in the Barossa Valley of McLaren Vale, which is located in South Australia.
New Zealand is also showing great promise in their wine output. While Sauvignon Blanc is a renowned part of the Marlborough region, Central Otago is gradually gaining notoriety for its exceptional Pinot Noir.
Which brings us to the USA, now home to some of the very finest new world wines. It is California that really lead the charge in this respect. Both the Napa Valley and the Sonoma Valley are home to some of the best New World Cabernet Sauvignon and Zinfandel. But these are not the only grapes you can find over there. Both E&J Gallo and Mondavi are popular exports amongst New World wine drinkers.
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