Titanium, a very known metal symbolic for its strength with a lustrous and silver colored transition is generally found in Earth's crust and lithosphere. The titanium has some unique characteristic that totally separate it from other metals is its high resistant against corrosion, crevices and strength to weight ratio. These properties render it extremely useful for various industrial and aviation applications. The Kroll process or the Hunter process is commonly employed to extract it from the ore. The compounds in which titanium is generally found are titanium dioxide, a photo catalyst, titanium tetra-chloride and titanium tri-chloride. These also some compounds which are widely used in dental implants.|
Titanium has excellent mechanical properties at both extremely low and extremely high temperature. Beside its resistant to corrosion property, some of the other very good property is its resistance against to acids, such as nitric, phosphoric, sulfuric and hydrochloric, as well as to alkalis. This property makes it possible to construct the thin structural parts of high heat transfer.
Now the question arises that, how it is so resistive to corrosion? Then answer is very simple. When titanium is exposed to high temperatures in air, it forms a protective oxide layer which it responsible for resistivity toward corrosion. That's why titanium even hardly tarnishes on room temperature. You will be even amazed to know that it is also resistive to dilute hydrochloric and sulphuric acid as well as chloride solutions, several organic acids. Due to high resistivity to corrosion it is good for making propeller shafts of ships and desalination plants as heat exchangers.
Components made of titanium are good or the sea water exposure and high mechanical stresses. Also we can make components which are exposed to flu gas or desulphurization plants. Similarly it can be profitably incorporated in flare stacks on offshore oil platforms and hydrocarbon processing from tar-sand and oil-shale recovery projects. Well titanium in itself is a very useful and performing metal but for further and beyond the limit performances it can be alloyed with iron, aluminium, nickel, vanadium and copper to increase tensile strength, elasticity, grain size and hardness. The alloys results in strong but lightweight metals for aerospace metals industries, military applications and many other industrial applications.
While discussing about Inconel, it is an alloy with main components as Ni and Cr, the nickel here helps in maintaining structural integrity at low as well as high temperature and pressure. You can even assume it as the counterpart of titanium because it also form a passive oxide layer to prevent corrosion when subjected to heat. Its unique features and traits make it feasible to use in multiple different circumstances. Where the some can be chemical industry, rotors and seals, gas turbine blades and vehicles exhaust systems etc.
Inconel can be drawn into Inconel Sheet and Inconel Bar, but needs a very hard approach because of fast hardening tendency. Machining process is performed in the solution state of Inconel. After machining the joining of the parts of sheets and bars is performed. For joining the Inconel sheets and bars the most common welding methods used are arc, gas tungsten welding as well as electron beam process of welding. Inconel Sheet and Inconel Bar are highly useful products of Inconel alloys, and are very prevalent in all engineering process like structural, general as well as mechanical available at Flight Metals.
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