Problems associated with the urinary track need long-term treatment. There are several facets of the problem, and you need a specialist doctor for it. Sometimes, people get confused with the terminology. They are unable to understand the difference between Nephrology and Urology. It is very much important to understand what is the area the expert is proficient into? |
What is nephrology?
Nephrology is the science of diagnosing the problems that affect the urinary system. The doctor looks into the diagnosis and treatment of inflammation of the kidneys, chronic kidney disorders and long-term implications of diabetes and hypertension. The experts also analyze the side-effects of different medicines on the urinary system.
Our blood has a delicate mix of calcium, potassium, and sodium. Any imbalance in the proportion or concentration causes severe impact on kidneys. Nephrologists look into the problem and tackle it by medicines.
They are also the expert in treating kidney stones without surgical methods. Early diagnosis and treatment resolves the problem and prevents from occurring again. When patients follow the medication well and take medicines in time, situation remains under control.
Nephrologists have routine follow-up of kidney patients who are required to undergo kidney transplant or dialysis routine regularly.
Urologists treat kidney related disorders, urinary track problems and reproductive system problems in men and women. They are capable of performing surgeries and treat problems about urination. Cyst, unnatural growth and stones cause not only incontinence, but also responsible for impotence and erectile dysfunction in men.
Prime responsibilities of nephrologists
They prescribe diagnostic tests depending on the condition of the patient. They also collaborate with other healthcare professionals and design the treatment plan. In the case of chronic ailments, a joint consultation is obtained from the experts. Patient care before and after is managed by nephrologists.
Prime responsibilities of urologists
Since they are proficient in surgeries, Urologists always ask for a thorough investigation. They check each and every aspect that can affect the surgical procedure. Since these experts can treat male and female reproductive problems (which are about the urinary track), they are usually busier than nephrologists. Their role is prominent during the surgery.
Diagnostics that help both nephrologists and urologists
The ratio of Albumin to Creatinine, Serum potassium level, Sodium and potassium ration are some important parameters they look into. Blood tests and urine tests are conducted prior to the diagnosis. Accurate reports help in arriving at the right treatment plan.
The nephrology and urology are the important branches of the medicine that deals with kidney and urinary problems.
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