We believe that we go through an odyssey in the country. For over two decades, Haiti has recurring political crises. This time, the crisis has reached a point where if we do not take prompt and effective measures, we will relive the shameful spectacle of a landing of foreign troops to enhance MINUSTAH. The specter of failure of one of the most important republican institutions are accompanied by an insidious threat of foreign occupation. |
This kind of situation is not new in the history of our country. In the late 1860s and the following decade, the country has experienced a bloody civil war. Under the reign of Sylvain Salnave the population had invaded the Legislative Building and the cast members in session, the House was dissolved. The anti-government forces "Caco", fought against the "issues" that flew to the rescue of President Salnave. This did not prevent the defeat of the president who was shot on the ruins of the National Palace on January 15, 1870. Despite all the efforts, peace did not come. President Nissage Saget who has succeeded thus faced with many difficulties. He was elected for 4 years, according to the Constitution of 1867. Towards the end of the term of President Saget, a political crisis brought the hostile members of his government flatly refused to sit down and allow presidential elections. Nissage will not complete a term, "pressed by the Senate on one side, another hit by Domingo who courageously made his way to the capital and camped in the chair at the door of the National Palace to wait for the owner wants out , Nissage was convinced in the end, the body of a Commission called the seven sages of the futility of his hopes, and gave the deep south, hand in hand the reins of the state, "[i]. ( Edmond Paul, The causes of our misfortunes, p.82.). After coming to power Michel Domingue broke the 1867 Constitution, convened a Constituent Assembly, which gave him a term of eight (8) years. Two years after his election, Domingo became unpopular, they took up arms against him, his government was overthrown.
Our history is full of examples of governments, elected presidents who do not complete their terms. To such a sign we can count on the fingers of one hand since our independence to date, Haitian presidents who carried forward a constitutional mandate.
Historian Claude Moses in his book "Constitution and power struggles in Haiti," speaks of the impossible consensus. He described the two political systems that vacillates between Haiti. Presidential and parliament. In the Haitian system, called Moses, the president's power is not exercised without control. The executive does not evade the sanction of Parliament for most government initiatives ... The rooms can question, challenge, blame the ministers and secretaries of state, to investigate all matters brought before them, refuse to vote the budget, to landfills, to a statutory provision work when they are not satisfied with the quality of audit items. In the Chamber of Deputies, he returned as appropriate, to impeach the president, ministers and state secretaries and bring them to the Senate for trial (Claude Moise, op cit., P 361-362). [Ii] However, the historian acknowledges that the balance sought by Haitian voters is often broken in favor of the President of the Republic; because in practice the judiciary and the legislature are subject to the executive in relation to important policy decisions. The crisis we are experiencing is due to this deviance while politicians who caused not seem to be able to contribute to its denouement. O destiny!
After many consultations that the President of the Republic and the wise recommendations of the Presidential Advisory Commission, a name is removed from the crystal ball, Evans Paul. Citizen known for his activism, experience in Haitian affairs, his long practice of men and things of that country, the wisdom and knowledge of Haitian politics. There were indications that the crisis node reject that the country can finally begin to hope. However, the following statements appointment cast doubt on the possibility of a resolution of the crisis. We are not ready to leave the inn where the impossible compromise. Our only hope lies in the ability of the designated prime minister to sit down with the political opposition to establish a consensus on the policy it wishes to conduct during the few months he will govern the country. Yet if the side of the opposition, it is not likely to resolve the crisis since swears by the departure of President, as a solution inevitably sink the country into chaos.
However, without any consideration for the common country, the political class has no choice but to find a consensus at any price to liberate the country.
Liberty, Equality, Fraternity. Is it plausible that the brotherhood that we may be talking about a political category, beyond its religious and philosophical connotations? In an article we published in Le Nouvelliste, September 7, 2011, entitled "Advocacy for brotherhood." We have demonstrated that the political fraternity is the glue that sticks freedom and equality. Freedom can not be earlier equal at the risk of turning into license. And both can not exist without brotherhood, only able to compose the whole, to maintain cohesion and unite the components. There is no question here of a blood brotherhood ( it's like a category of family circle, private), but a political exchange (ie, as a category that is available in the public domain). [iii]
To resolve the crisis both cyclical and structural aspect, the Advisory Committee has made numerous recommendations, and like many areas, the Commission suggests the organization of the States General of the nation, what we call just as such, the national dialogue. This process should lead to a governability pact that will bring the country the stability necessary for its development and growth. This pact should pave the way for a new social pact that will hit the seal of brotherhood.
Certainly, we must rebuild our political community; because the latter requires professionalism. Those who intend to engage in politics must learn the trade. Haiti desperately needs politicians accountable, ethics and imbued with republican values ??and spirit of grandeur. Let's be great.
Prime Minister designated insignia patch to reach a compromise between the various players in the current political crisis. Exercise is a feat when one considers irreconcilable positions that are expressed on both sides. However, we believe that, despite everything, the consensus is possible for the good of the country. To do this, the Prime Minister must be designated a national unity government representing the various political sensitivities. It will reassure all sectors, to trust. He will return, however, the opposition is deprived of all a priori, to start meaningful negotiations with the Prime Minister appointed by order of priority, of course, the best interests of the nation.
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