Diabetes insipidus is the type of diabetes characterized by your body' s inability to concentrate your urine. As a result, the diabetes patient will suffer from too much production of urine and excessive thirst. |
Diabetes insipidus can affect adult as well as children and infants. If an infant is left untreated after being affected by this diabetes type, then he/ she will not be able to feed and grow as he/ she should. Furthermore, because diabetes insipidus has a rapid onset in children and infants, severe dehydration will appear very soon as well as withholding of water. In all patients that do not treat their diabetes mellitus case, short stature or the dilatation of their ureters and bladder is very common. The main used treatment in this diabetes type is the low salt diet or the thiazide diuretics. These two ways of treating diabetes insipidus actually reduce the urine volume by almost fifty percent.
To diagnose diabetes insipidus means to demonstrate the patients' s lack of ability when it comes to concentrate the urine, despite the fact that anti diuretic hormones are present in your system. There are two main genes that are thought to be responsible for diabetes insipidus. The abnormal mutations that occur in these genes ultimately lead to this type of diabetes as well. Besides this, there are also some other factors that are thought to be highly related to diabetes insipidus. However, if you suffer from an excessive production of urine, condition called polyuria or you are very thirsty all the time, known as polydipsia, then you most certainly suffer form diabetes insipidus.
One of the most helpful test when it comes to screening for diabetes insipidus is measurement of sodium concentration. Simultaneously, the specific gravity of your urine will also be measure. If the concentration of sodium is very high and there is a low presence of urine gravity, then there is no doubt that you are suffering from diabetes insipidus.
Genetic is thought to be the main culprit when it comes to diabetes insipidus. There are two main genes that are highly linked to this diabetes type and any mutation in one of these genes is thought to ultimately lead to diabetes insipidus. There are many test done every day in labs around the world to better understate the mutation process and thus the cause of diabetes insipidus. Not all tests give proper results, but some things have already been proven.
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